Where you are: Home pageYear 2014Issue 1 (103)

Issue 1 (103) / 2014

Title page       Contents

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Effects of Knowledge Management on Supply Chain Management in the Clothing Sector: Turkish Case

Authors: Kanat Seher, Atilgan Turan

The clothing sector, which has a significant place in the Turkish economy due to its export potential, procurement of income and employment, is undergoing a restructuring process. True and effective management of the steps during this...   more »

full text | Pages 9–13

Research and development

Electrospinning of Poly(acrylonitrile-acrylic acid)/β Cyclodextrin Nanofibers and Study of their Molecular Filtration Characteristics

Authors: Amiri Parastoo, Bahrami S. Hajir

Acrylonitrile acrylic acid copolymer was synthesised using suspension polymerisation and β-cyclodextrin was mixed with this copolymer in different ratios. then poly(acrylonitrileacrylic acid)/-cyclodextrin (PANAA/-CD) nanowebs were produced using the electrospinning process. The effect of different electrospinning parameters...   more »

full text | Pages 14–21

Statistical Analyses and Properties of Viloft/Polyester and Viloft/Cotton Blended Ring-Spun Yarns

Authors: Demiryürek Oğuz, Uysaltürk Derya

Viloft is a novel regenerated cellulosic fibre with a special cross section which creates air gaps in the yarn and improves the thermal properties of the fabric. This fibre is mainly used with the blends of...   more »

full text | Pages 22–27

Rheological Fluids as a Potential Component of Textile Products

Authors: Leonowicz Marcin, Kozłowska Joanna, Wierzbicki Łukasz, Olszewska Karolina, Zielińska Dorota, Kucińska Iwona, Wiśniewski Adam

Rheological fluids belong to the group of smart materials which can also form a component of some textile products. In this study shear thickening fluids (STF) and magnetorheological fluids (MRF) were synthesised. STF is a colloidal...   more »

full text | Pages 28–33

New Textiles Designed for Anti-Radar Camouflage

Authors: Redlich Grażyna, Obersztyn Ewa, Olejnik Magdalena, Fortuniak Krystyna, Bartczak Agnieszka, Szugajew Lech , Jarzemski Józef

This paper presents newly designed textiles (woven and knitted fabrics) for camouflage against radar, with a particular emphasis on the conductive yarns applied and their distribution throughout the structure of the goods. The levels obtained for the coefficients...   more »

full text | Pages 34–42

Bending Stiffness of Knitted Fabrics – Comparison of Test Methods

Authors: Goetzendorf-Grabowska Bogna, Karaszewska Agnieszka, Vlasenko Victoria I., Arabuli Arsenii T.

The bending stiffness of a textile is a feature determining comprehensive indicators such as fabric drapability and handle. Most methods of assessing the bending stiffness of textiles are based on the principle of the determination of the strain...   more »

full text | Pages 43–50

New Method of Fabric Wrinkle Measurement Based on Image Processing

Authors: Liu Chengxia

In this paper, a system of fabric wrinkle measurement was developed which consisted of a fabric wrinkle simulator, scanner and computer. The simulator generated “diamond” wrinkles just like those of the elbow and knee in actual wear. The...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

Study on 3-D Flow Patterns in Yarn Channels of an Interlacer

Authors: Qiu Hua, Liu Yuanyuan, Zhang Yingzi

The aim of the present work was to determine the flow characteristics of compressible airflow in the yarn channel of an interlacer by numerical simulations to make clear the effects of cross-sectional shapes of the yarn channel on...   more »

full text | Pages 56–61

Effect of Loop Length and Nozzle Type on Structural and Performance Properties of Single Jersey Knitted Fabrics use and laundering of the textile

Authors: Çoruh Ebru, Çelik Nihat

We studied the structural properties, bursting strength and pilling properties of single jersey knitted fabrics made from OE rotor spun yarns. Raw material of 100% cotton of the Urfa region of Turkey was specifically handled in the study....   more »

full text | Pages 62–67

Technology and Properties of Distance Five-layered Double-Weft-Knitted Fabrics with Elastomeric Threads

Authors: Włodarczyk Bogdan, Kowalski Krzysztof

This paper presents the concept of forming distance weft-knitted fabrics with five knitted layers in their structure. The knitted fabrics developed have a relatively large thickness in relation to the needle pitch and distance between the needle beds...   more »

full text | Pages 68–73

Pilling Performance of Cashmere Knitted Fabric of Woollen Ring Yarn and Mule Yarn

Authors: Li Long, Zhu Meijing, Wei Xiaojuan

The yarn for cashmere knitted fabric is mainly processed by ring spinning and mule spinning. In this paper, four kinds of cashmere dye colours (red, black, grey, and beige) were selected to compare the pilling performance of cashmere...   more »

full text | Pages 74–75

Plasma Modified Polycarbonate Nonwovens as Filtering Material for Liquid Aerosols

Authors: Brochocka Agnieszka, Mian Ilona, Majchrzycka Katarzyna, Sielski Jan, Tyczkowski Jacek

The filter materials commonly used in filtration processes consist of nonwoven fabrics made by melt blowing. In order to improve filtration properties they are subjected to various modifications. This paper presents the treatment of polycarbonate nonwovens with lowpressure cold...   more »

full text | Pages 76–80

Evaluation of a New Bioactive Nonwoven Fabric for Respiratory Protection

Authors: Majchrzycka Katarzyna

Legal regulations concerning protecting workers threatened with biological factors in the workplace and the global threat of terrorist attacks influence the need to master the properties of protective equipment and the methods of its evaluation. The article presents...   more »

full text | Pages 81–88

Experimental and Numerical Simulation Study of an Air drawing Model of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Polymer and Model of Air Jet Flow Field in the Spunbonding Nonwoven Process

Authors: Bo Zhao

An air drawing model of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymer and one of the air jet flow field in the spunbonding process are established. The air jet flow field model is solved and simulated by means of the finite...   more »

full text | Pages 89–96

Dimensional Analysis and Quality Improvement for Head Side Airbag Gluing Stage

Authors: Pop Andrei, Cociş Gabriela, Brad Raluca

The paper presents a quality study of the airbag gluing stage, especially the incorrect direction of the silicone cord on the airbag panel. A cortina type airbag is obtained by assembling two panels, which are overlapped and glued...   more »

full text | Pages 97–102

Method of Separating Fabric from a Stack – Part 1

Authors: Stasik Kinga

A model of the gripper mechanism driven by three electric motors is presented. The model of the gripper developed, characterised by an increased working surface, on 31.01.2008 was granted a patent for an invention entitled “Device for gripping...   more »

full text | Pages 103–107

Silvering of Inert PET-Textile Materials by Means of One-Bath and Two-Bath Methods and their Characteristics

Authors: Onggar Toty, Hund Heike, Hund Rolf-Dieter, Cherif Chokri

The metallised textile material available on the market is not suitable for several applications because of its uneven metal layer with imperfections on the fibre surface, which leads to a lack of adhesion and failures of the metal...   more »

full text | Pages 108–114

Dyeing of Microfibres: Problems in Dye Demand Computations

Authors: Petrulis Donatas

This article reports investigations into the computation problems related with the dyeing of textile products composed of microfibres. The so-called basic proportions and modified proportions were proposed in dye demand computations. A comparative study showe that appreciable additional amounts...   more »

full text | Pages 115–118

Feathers as a Flame-Retardant in Elastic Polyurethane Foam

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Zajchowski Stanisław, Bryśkiewicz Anna, Ryszkowska Joanna

An account is given herein of research results for composites of elastic polyurethane (EPUR) combined with milled poultry feathers. We present the properties of keratin fibres obtained from feathers and the change in those properties which the feathers...   more »

full text | Pages 119–128

Biomechanical Studies of Novel Hernia Meshes with Enhanced Surface Behaviour

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Komisarczyk Agnieszka, Krucińska Izabella, Gutowska Agnieszka, Pałys Beata, Ciechańska Danuta

Research on hernia implants, especially less-invasive implantation techniques, is an important focus of study around the world. Practitioners require that these elaborate structures, which are primarily designed using textile technology, possess biomimetic behaviour to significantly reduce post-implantation complications. Novel...   more »

full text | Pages 129–134

Effect of Formic Acid on Pollutant Decomposition in Textile Wastewater Subjected to Treatment by the Fenton Method

Authors: Kos Lech, Michalska Karina, Żyłła Renata, Perkowski Jan

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of formic acid on pollutant decomposition in textile wastewater subjected to treatment by the Fenton method. To estimate the effect of formic acid on treatment efficiency for different...   more »

full text | Pages 135–139

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT