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Issue 4 (106) / 2014

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Competitive Advantage Through Supply Chain Collaboration – An Empirical Study of the Indian Textile Industry

Authors: Vanathi R., Swamynathan R.

The Indian textile industry is an important component of the Indian economy, which contributes 37% of export earnings, 20% of industrial production and 4% to the nation’s GDP. The application of supply chain management in the...   more »

full text | Pages 8–13

Comparing the Profit Margin of Textiles Woven on a Hand Loom and Automatic Loom in the Textile Industry: Case of Buldan City

Authors: Özdemir Serkan, Utkun Emine

The ever-changing senses of consumption and the fashion factor in the world have caused an ongoing increase in the demand for hand woven textiles in recent years. Therefore the prices of hand woven textiles, where the...   more »

full text | Pages 14–17

Development Directions of the Raw Material Base of the Paper Industry with regard to the Sustainable Development Concept

Authors: Przybysz Piotr, Buzała Kamila

Paper is one of the most common mass products used nowadays. Present paper consumption has reached almost 400 million metric tons globally. Such a huge volume of production requires stable and continuous supply of raw materials...   more »

full text | Pages 18–23

Research and development

Preparation and Properties of Natural Cellulose Fibres from

Authors: Qu Lijun, Qu Lijun, Tian Mingwei, Tian Mingwei, Guo Xiaoqing, Guo Xiaoqing, Pan Ning, Zhang Xiansheng, Zhang Xiansheng, Zhu Shifeng, Zhu Shifeng

Natural cellulose fibres from Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. (BP) bast were systematically investigated in this paper. To begin with, BP fibres were successively extracted from BP bast by four different degumming methods, among which the microwave-assisted...   more »

full text | Pages 24–28

Morphological and Material Properties of Polyethyleneterephthalate (PET) Fibres with Spores Incorporated

Authors: Ciera Lucy, Beladjal Lynda, Almeras Xavier, Gheysens Tom, Van Landuyt Lieve, Mertens Johan, Nierstrasz Vincent, Van Langenhove Lieva

Owing to the current demand for textiles with new functionalities and improved properties, there has been a continuous effort to modify Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) materials. In our previous study, we demonstrated that Bacillus amyloliquefaciens spores can...   more »

full text | Pages 29–36

Formation of Microfibres from Cellulose Acetate Butyrate by Electrospinning with a Surface Modified in Low-temperature Plasma

Authors: Biniaś Włodzimierz, Biniaś Dorota

This work describes a method of formation of microfibres from cellulose acetate butyrate solution in acetone by electrospinning. The method used a specially designed electrospinning reactor with an arrangement generating low-temperature plasma incorporated in the spinning...   more »

full text | Pages 37–42

Specific Properties of Woven Multiaxial Structures

Authors: Czekalski Bartłomiej, Snycerski Marek

The development of the construction and technology of multiaxial fabrics should be accompanied by exploring their specific properties. On the one hand, there is a need to assess the behaviour of such woven structures under complex...   more »

full text | Pages 43–50

Application of Principal Component Analysis to Boost the Performance of an Automated Fabric Fault Detector and Classifier

Authors: Eldessouki Mohamed, Hassan Mounir, Hassan Mounir, Qashqary Khadijah, Shady Ebraheem

There is a growing need to replace visual fabric inspection with automated systems that detect and classify fabric defects. The digital processing of fabric images utilises different methods that offer a large set of image features....   more »

full text | Pages 51–57

Model of Vertical Porosity Occurring in Woven Fabrics and its Effect on Air Permeability

Authors: Havlová Marie

The main focus of this paper is aimed at a description of the relationship between the air permeability of woven fabric and its structure. The porosity of the fabric is divided into two basic types: horizontal...   more »

full text | Pages 58–63

Sound Insulation Property of Threedimensional Spacer Fabric Composites

Authors: Cao Haijian, Yu Kejing, Qian Kun

Three-dimensional spacer fabric composites (3D composites) are new sandwich structure composites which not only have high specific strength, high specific stiffness, light weight, better integrity, and good designability but also have an excellent sound insulation property...   more »

full text | Pages 64–67

Printed Textiles with Chemical Sensor Properties

Authors: Krucińska Izabella, Skrzetuska Ewa, Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława

In this study the authors proposed the introduction of chemical sensors directly on textile surfaces in the form of conductive transmission parts using the screen-printing technique. A liquid vapour-sensitive, printing surface made with the use of...   more »

full text | Pages 68–72

Modelling of the Knitting Process during the Knitting-in of Elastomeric Threads Using Knitting Machines with Relanit and Classic Knitting Zone

Authors: Pietruszewska Renata, Kowalski Krzysztof, Kłonowska Magdalena

An analysis of the knitting process during the knitting-in of elastomeric threads using knitting machines with a Relanit and classic knitting zone was made on the basis of simulations considering a numerical model which takes into...   more »

full text | Pages 73–80

Effect of Knitted Loop Length on the Fluctuation Amplitude of Yarn Fed into a Circular Weft-Knitting Machine using a New Opto-Electro Device

Authors: Ehsan Momeni Heravi Mohammad, Shaikhzadeh Najar Saeed, Moavenian Majid, Esmaieel Yazdanshenas Mohammad

The present paper investigates the effects of knitted loop length on yarn fluctuation amplitude during feeding into a circular knitting machine. Variation of yarn tension causes a change in the loop length and yarn fluctuation amplitude....   more »

full text | Pages 81–86

Influence of Stress and Relaxation Characteristics of Knitted Fabrics on the Unit Pressure of Compression Garments Supporting External Treatment

Authors: Ilska Anita, Kowalski Krzysztof, Kłonowska Magdalena, Kowalski Tomasz Marek

The paper presents an analysis of the influence of the mechanical properties’ heterogeneity of knitted fabrics and the method of determining their characteristics of stress and relaxation (deformation) on the value of unit pressure of compression...   more »

full text | Pages 87–92

Investigation of Moisture Transport Properties of Knitted Materials Intended for Warm Underwear

Authors: Baltušnikaite Julija, Abraitienė Aušra, Stygienė Laimutė, Krauledas Sigitas, Rubežienė Vitalija, Varnaitė-Žuravliova Sandra

The main functional purpose of knitted materials intended for warm underwear is to vouchsafe the comfort property while composing and maintaining a satisfactory microclimate on the human skin. This research seeks to investigate the liquid moisture...   more »

full text | Pages 93–100

Experimental Study of Clothing Tactile Comfort Based on Electro-neurophysiology

Authors: Wang Yun-yi, Wang Yun-yi, Wang Yipei, Wang Yipei, Zhao Meng-Meng, Yu Miao, Li Jun, Li Jun

Electromyography (EMG) and electroencephalography (EEG) methods were used to evaluate the reaction of human skin to tactile stimuli evoked by textiles. The peak value of the EMG and energy percentage of the weave of the EEG...   more »

full text | Pages 102–106

Fitting Evaluation of Pattern Making Systems According to Female Body Shapes

Authors: Tama Derya, Öndoğan Ziynet

In order to provide clothing fit, it is necessary to associate garment patterns with body shapes. In this study, basic skirt patterns werecreated using the Computer Aided Design (CAD) system according to Contec, Metric, Müller, and...   more »

full text | Pages 107–111

Modelling the Strength-Elongation Characteristic of Forming Fabrics for the Paper Industry

Authors: Stepanovic Jovan, Stojiljkovic Dragan, Vilumsone-Nemes Ineta, Mitkovic Petar

The mechanical properties of SSB (Sheet Support Binder) forming fabrics depend on their structural solutions. A particular problem of the structures formed is their lower strength in the binder area. Analysed were binders for three types...   more »

full text | Pages 112–116

Genetic Studies of Wood Structure Using an Optical Fibre Analyser

Authors: Klisz Marcin, Wojda Tomasz

An automatic fibre size analyser - KajaaniFiberLab was used in studies designed to examine and analyse the genetic basis of fibre size variability. Fast and accurate measurement in accordance with the standards may, however, give incorrect...   more »

full text | Pages 117–120

New Method for Preparation of Biodegradable Medical Materials Characterised by Highly Developed Porous Structures

Authors: Kowalska Stanislawa, Krucińska Izabella, Komisarczyk Agnieszka, Żywicka Bogusława

This study addresses the preparation of biodegradable and highly porous materials with the chemical purity required for medical materials. The solution method for producing porous structures with table salt was modified through the application of plasticisers...   more »

full text | Pages 122–130

Waste Treatment with Supercritical Water

Authors: Głębowski Michał, Szewczyk Włodzimierz

Waste with a high water content is particularly difficult to reprocess. Drying, required before the final burning process, consumes large amounts of energy and it is quite expensive. The paper provides an overview of the processing...   more »

full text | Pages 132–137

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT