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Preparation and Properties of Natural Cellulose Fibres from

Research and development

Authors:

  • Qu Lijun
    Colleges of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Qu Lijun
    Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Tian Mingwei
    Colleges of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Tian Mingwei
    Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Guo Xiaoqing
    Colleges of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Guo Xiaoqing
    Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Pan Ning
    Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, University of California, Davis, USA
  • Zhang Xiansheng
    Colleges of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Zhang Xiansheng
    Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Zhu Shifeng
    Colleges of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China
  • Zhu Shifeng
    Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China

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Abstract:

Natural cellulose fibres from Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. (BP) bast were systematically investigated in this paper. To begin with, BP fibres were successively extracted from BP bast by four different degumming methods, among which the microwave-assisted method exhibited high efficiency. It was found that non-cellulose substances were sufficiently removed or reduced after the degumming process, but the cellulose I structure had not changed from bast to fibres based on the XRD and FTIR results. Meanwhile the BP fibres exhibited high crystallinity (75 ~ 77%), high breaking strength (2.19 ~ 2.39 cN/dtex) and a remarkable moisture region (6.3 ~ 8.7%), but low breaking elongation (1.0 ~ 2.1%). All those results indicated that the BP fibres had properties resembling those of traditional natural cellulose fibres (e.g. cotton and flax); therefore they could be viewed as a promising alternative source for natural cellulose bundle fibres.

Tags:

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. (BP), natural cellulose fibre, fibre extraction, microwave-assisted.

Citation:

Qu L, Tian M, Guo X, Pan N, Zhang X, Zhu S. Preparation and Properties of Natural Cellulose Fibres from Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. Bast.  FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2014; 22, 4(106): 24-28.

Published in issue no 4 (106) / 2014, pages 24–28.

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