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Issue 3 (99) / 2013

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Sensory Impact on the Purchase of Textile Products

Authors: Grębosz Magdalena, Wrońska Barbara

Due to increasing competition and market saturation, textile companies try to find new solutions to attract customers. Companies propose new materials, reorganize distribution strategies and develop interactive communication. Producers, distributors and retailers of textile products have...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Extended Supply Chain and Small and Medium Retail Enterprises in Serbian Garment Industry

Authors: Stojanović Đurđica, Bašić Anja

Some recent researches reveal that the garment industry is among those with a high rate of returned goods. Therefore exploring and understanding extended supply chains, which cover both direct and reverse good flows, is of particular...   more »

full text | Pages 13–17

Research and development

Structure and Improvement of Properties of Floss Silk via Scouring and Finishing Treatment

Authors: Lin Haitao, Ma Pibo, Ning Wane, Huang Jiwei, Jiang Fang, Hu Zhengyu, Xiao Haibo

In the present study, floss silk was treated by scouring and finishing, respectively. The micro structure was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the mechanical property tested by an Instron 5566 tensile tester, and the crystal structure was...   more »

full text | Pages 18–21

Calcium Content Indicator of Scouring Efficiency

Authors: Dochia Mihaela, Stanescu Michaela Dina, Constantin Carolina

The pectin content of cotton fibers disrupts the uniform dyeing of cotton materials, decreasing their quality. The process of pectin elimination, known as scouring, may be realised by classic alkaline treatment or ecological enzymatic procedures. Pectins are galacturonic based...   more »

full text | Pages 22–25

Moisture Absorption and Desorption in Flax and Hemp Fibres and Yarns

Authors: Mustata Adriana, Mustata Florin St. C.

The aim of this paper is to present research work about the mode in which the water sorption- desorption process is influenced by the type of spinning yarns (dry or wet) and by the type of...   more »

full text | Pages 26–30

Prediction of Extra Long Egyptian Yarn Tenacity Using Fibre Quality Index (MFQI)

Authors: El Messiry Magdi, Mohsen Abd-Ellatif Samar Ahmed

Predicting the spun yarn tenacity from fibre properties is essential. The tenacity of spun yarns is one of the most important properties in determining the yarn quality, since it directly affects the winding, weaving and knitting...   more »

full text | Pages 31–35

Biodegradable Fibrous Materials Based on Copolymers of Lactic Acid Obtained by Wet Spinning

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Król Paulina, Boguń Maciej, Krucińska Izabella, Szparaga Grzegorz, Rabiej Stanislaw

It was investigated how the chemical structure of polylactide and the molecular characteristics of the polymer affect the deformability and strength properties of wet-spun fibres. Following a two-stage drawing process, a higher strength value of 396...   more »

full text | Pages 36–41

Preparation of Activated Carbon Fibres from Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Fibre Mat and Characterisation of Their Chemical and Structural Properties

Authors: Gliścińska Eulalia, Babeł Krzysztof

Activated carbon fibres with a diameter lower than 1 µm from electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibre mat were obtained at developed optimal conditions of stabilisation, carbonisation and chemical activation processes. The fibres obtained were subjected to structural...   more »

full text | Pages 42–47

Convergence Point of Three-strand Yarn Spinning

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Huang Bin

A theoretical model for the three-strand yarn spinning system is obtained by using the analysis method for the two-strand case presented by He et al. and setting a series of virtual intermediate variables. Then the convergence...   more »

full text | Pages 48–50

Effect of Using the New Solo-siro Spun Process on Structural and Mechanical Properties of Yarns

Authors: Soltani Parham, Johari Majid Safar

Mechanical and physical properties of spun yarns are very important for post-spinning operations as well as for determining some final fabric characteristics. These properties greatly depend on the yarn structure characterised by the geometrical arrangement of...   more »

full text | Pages 51–54

Study of Specific Conditions to Control the Mechanical Behaviour of Dorlastan® Core Spun Yarn

Authors: Helali Houda, Babay Dhouib A., Msahli S., Cheikhrouhou M.

The mechanical properties of yarns play a phenomenal role in the quality of the end product. Studying these properties requires a specific test following international standards. As for elastic core spun yarn, knowledge of the mechanical...   more »

full text | Pages 55–60

Probabilistic Model of Fatigue Strength

Authors: Drobina Robert

A literature review relating to problems connected with the evaluation of the fatigue strength of materials was carried out concerning appropriate probabilistic models. It was found out that fatigue strength could be described by the following...   more »

full text | Pages 61–67

Production of Shape Memory Alloy Core-Sheath Friction Yarns

Authors: Ahmad M. R., Yahya M. H. M., Hassan M. R., Salleh J., Ahmad W. Y. W., Hassim N.

This paper describes some studies on the development of shape memory alloy (SMA) coresheath friction yarns. SMA wires for actuating purposes were utilised as a conductive element in the core-sheath friction yarn. A DREF 3000 friction...   more »

full text | Pages 68–72

Investigation on the Physical and Dimensional Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics made from Cotton Sheath - Elastomeric Core Spun

Authors: Vasanth Kumar Dhanapal, Sampath V. R.

In this study, the physical and dimensional properties of single jersey fabrics made from cotton / elastomeric core spun yarn were investigated. The main purpose of this paper was to investigate the suitability of cotton -...   more »

full text | Pages 73–75

Comparative Analysis of the Influence of Bamboo and Other Cellulose Fibres on Selected Structural Parameters and Physical Properties of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Mikučioniené Daiva, Arbataitis Edgaras

This study attempts to investigate the influence of different cellulose yarns on the structure and physical properties of knitted fabrics, such as loop length, wale and course spacing, the loop shape factor, the area density of...   more »

full text | Pages 76–80

Comparison of Softened Polylactic Acid and Polyethylene Terephthalate Fabrics Using KES-FB

Authors: Hasani Hossein, Avinc Ozan, Khoddami Akbar

We examined and compared low-stress mechanical properties, such as tensile, shear, bending, compression, and surface properties, measured by the Kawabata Evaluation System for Fabrics (KES-FB), of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) fabrics before and...   more »

full text | Pages 81–88

Preliminary Investigation on the Ballistic Limit of Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Unidirectional Coated Fabric System

Authors: Ahmad M. R., Hassim N., Ahmad W. Y. W., Samsuri A., Yahya M. H. M.

This paper reports an investigation on the ballistic impact performance of high strength unidirectional (UD) fabrics UHMWPE coated with natural rubber latex (NRL). The effects of adding calcium carbonate in the NRL on the ballistic impact...   more »

full text | Pages 89–94

Improving the Adhesion Strength of Polypropylene Nonwoven Laminated Fabrics Using Low-Pressure Plasma

Authors: Armağan Osman Gazi, Kayaoğlu Burçak Karagüzel, Karakaş Hale Canbaz, Güner Fatma Seniha

In this study, the adhesion strength properties of laminated polypropylene nonwoven fabrics treated with low-temperature, low-pressure, radio frequency argon plasma were investigated. The change in wettability was determined by water contact angle measurements. In order to...   more »

full text | Pages 96–101

Hyaluronic Acid-Coated Carbon Nonwoven Fabrics as Potential Material for Repair of Osteochondral Defects for medical applications

Authors: Rajzer Izabella, Menaszek Elżbieta, Menaszek Elżbieta, Bacakova Lucie, Orzelski Maciej, Błażewicz Marta

Damaged articular cartilage is known to have poor capacity for regeneration. Carbon fibres (CFs) have been widely investigated as cellular growth supports in cartilage tissue engineering. However, the long duration of the process of cartilage restoration...   more »

full text | Pages 102–107

Iron Nanocompounds Applied in the Treatment of Screen Printing Wastewater

Authors: Kos Lech, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Michalska Karina, Żyłła Renata, Perkowski Jan

The aim of the study was to determine the efficiency of wastewater treatment by the Fenton method with the use of iron nanocompounds and to compare it with the classical Fenton method. The object of the...   more »

full text | Pages 108–111

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT