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Issue 6 (102) / 2013

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Hierarchical Sales Forecasting System for Apparel Companies and Supply Chains

Authors: Lenort Radim, Besta Petr

The typical problems facing with apparel companies and supply chains are forecasting errors, because fashion markets are volatile and difficult to predict. For that reason, the ability to develop accurate sales forecasts is critical in the...   more »

full text | Pages 7–11

The Polish Market for Seasonal Products the Apparel Segment

Authors: Grandys Ewa, Grandys Andrzej

The article discusses the apparel segment of the market for seasonal products in Poland. Its purpose is to characterise the segment and to determine how competitive domesticallyowned manufacturers are. To this end, the authors use GUS...   more »

full text | Pages 12–15

Generalised Choquet Integral Algorithm for Subcontractor Selection in the Textile Industry – A Case Study for Turkey

Authors: Yayla A. Yeşim, Yildiz Aytaç, Yildiz Kübra

Turkish textile firms work under a heavily competitive atmosphere in terms of prices due to globalisation. Firms have to take into consideration several criteria in order to survive the global market conditions and to maintain profitability. Contractor companies...   more »

full text | Pages 16–21

Research and development

FT-NIR Determination of the Content of Cotton in Blends with Viscose

Authors: Biniaś Włodzimierz, Janicki Jarosław, Biniaś Dorota

A spectroscopic method of determining cellulose content in cotton blends has been described. It is part of a wider project to develop spectroscopic methods of analysing textile blends. The method does not require using hazardous high-quality...   more »

full text | Pages 22–26

Relation between Mathematically Simulated and Experimental Results of Polyhidroxybutyrate–co-valerate Yarns

Authors: Krikštanavičiene Kira, Stanys Sigitas, Jonaitienė Vaida

The effect of process parameters (extruder temperature, extruder pressure) on the properties of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) yarns was studied and the causes of these effects are discussed. It is observed that with an increase in extruder...   more »

full text | Pages 27–32

PAN Precursor Fibres Containing Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: Szparaga Grzegorz, Mikołajczyk Teresa, Fraczek-Szczypta Aneta

The spinning conditions of wet spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibres containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were investigated. On the basis of images from a transmission electron microscope, it was shown that the MWCNTs are well dispersed in...   more »

full text | Pages 33–38

Effect of Twist Stabilisation and Dyeing on the Structural and Physical Properties of Agricultural Strings

Authors: Czekalski Jerzy, Krucińska Izabella, Kowalska Stanislawa, Puchalski Michał

A production technology for agricultural biodegradable strings composed of polylactide (PLA) staple fibres was developed that uses the ring spinning method. During complete relaxation, strings with an unbalanced twist tend to detwist because of torque, which...   more »

full text | Pages 39–44

Non-Woven Veils Manufactured from Polyamides Doped with Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: Latko Paulina, Kozera Rafał, Salinier Axel, Boczkowska Anna

Polymer - based nanocomposite materials with carbon nanotubes (CNT) are novel materials which can hold the potential for airplane applications. One of the fabrication methods appropriate also for large scale is melt-mixing using masterbatch with a...   more »

full text | Pages 45–49

Numerical Studies on a Three-dimensional Flow Field in Four-Roller Compact Spinning with a Guiding Device

Authors: Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xie Chunping, Su Xuzhong, Su Xuzhong, Mei Heng, Mei Heng

Research on the flow field in the fibre-converging zone is always the emphasis and difficulty of compact spinning. Therefore in this work numerical studies on the three-dimensional flow field in four-roller compact spinning with a guiding device were...   more »

full text | Pages 50–57

Effect of the Constructions of Metal Fabrics on their Electrical Resistance

Authors: Sekerden Filiz

In recent years, electrically conductive fabrics have been widely used in many fields such as medicine, sensors, sport, electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and military applications. This study examines the effects of weft yarn types...   more »

full text | Pages 58–63

Investigation and Modelling of Stress Relaxation on Cylindrical Shell Woven Fabrics: Effect of Experimental Speed

Authors: Hezavehi Emadaldin, Azadiyan Mohamad, Zolgharnein Peyman

This paper evaluates the effects of experimental speeds (22, 24 and 26 m/min) on woven fabrics' stress relaxation behaviour in a cylindrical form under constant torsional strain. Worsted woven fabrics were put under experimentation with identical...   more »

full text | Pages 64–73

Influence of Inlay-Yarn Properties and Insertion Density on the Compression Properties of Knitted Orthopaedic Supports

Authors: Ališauskienė Diana, Mikučioniené Daiva, Milašiute Laima

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of inlay-yarn linear density and insertion density on the compression properties of knitted orthopaedic supports. Samples were made on a flat double needle-bed knitting machine with a laid-in...   more »

full text | Pages 74–78

Assessment of Modified Knitted Hernia Implants after Implantation: I. Biological Effect on the Structural and Usable Properties

Authors: Kostanek Krzysztof, Struszczyk Marcin H., Chrzanowski Michał, Żywicka Bogusława, Paluch Danuta, Szadkowski Marek, Gutowska Agnieszka, Krucińska Izabella

The purpose of this article is to discuss the solution of the main clinical adverse events occurring in less invasive reconstruction of hernia. The study attempted to design the knitted implants, contributing to reduce the risk of adhesion...   more »

full text | Pages 79–83

Development of Screen-Printed Breathing Rate Sensors

Authors: Furtak Nicole Teresa, Skrzetuska Ewa, Krucińska Izabella

This paper presents a method of screen-printing a conductive carbon nanotube printing paste onto textile substrates to prepare textronic strain sensors for measuring breathing rate. Screen-printed sensors can be integrated with garments after construction and do not require significant...   more »

full text | Pages 84–88

Measurement of the Moisture and Heat Transfer Rate in Light-weight Nonwoven Fabrics Using an Intelligent Model

Authors: Rahnama Mehrnoosh, Semnani Dariush, Zarrebini Mohammad

In this paper, an intelligent model of heat and moisture propagation in light nonwoven fabrics was designed by conversion of a numerical propagation model of a partial differential equation to a feed forward propagation neural network. Propagation coefficients...   more »

full text | Pages 89–94

Application of Genetic Algorithm for Feature Selection in Optimisation of SVMR Model for Prediction of Yarn Tenacity

Authors: Abakar Khalid A. A., Yu Chongwen

A proposed hybrid genetic algorithm (GA) approach for feature selection combined with support vector machines for regression (SVMR) was applied in this paper to optimise a data set of fibre properties and predict the yarn tenacity property. This...   more »

full text | Pages 95–99

Effects of Cellulase Enzyme Treatment on the Properties of Cotton Terry Fabrics

Authors: Tavcer Petra Forte

Terry fabrics are exposed to frequent and intensive washing and must therefore be resistant to water, alkali, washing agents and rubbing. Washing agents frequently contain cellulase enzymes. The influence of two kinds of cellulase enzymes on the properties...   more »

full text | Pages 100–106

Electrokinetic Phenomena of Cationised Cotton and its Dyeability with Reactive Dyes

Authors: Grancarić Ana Marija, Ristic Nebojsa, Tarbuk Anita, Ristic Ivanka

Interface phenomena have a significant role in the wet finishing processes. Therefore in this paper the electrokinetic phenomena of cotton fabric cationised with a commercial cationic compound were researched. After cationisation, characterisation of the surface and chemical composition was...   more »

full text | Pages 106–110

Decomposition of a Nonionic Detergent by the Fenton Process in the Presence of Iron Nanocompounds

Authors: Kos Lech, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Michalska Karina, Żyłła Renata, Perkowski Jan

The aim of the research was to determine the efficiency of decomposition of a nonionic detergent Symperonic NP10 by the Fenton method in the presence of iron nanocompounds and to compare it with the classical Fenton method. Detergent...   more »

full text | Pages 111–115

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT