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Issue 5 (101) / 2013

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Current Trends on the World Textile Market and the Competitiveness of the Serbian Textile Industry

Authors: Corovic Enes, Jovanovic Predrag, Ristic Lela

International trade in textiles and clothing has showed more dynamic growth in the last decade in terms of trends in the global production of textile and clothing products. Developing countries, especially those from the Asian region,...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Assessing the Impact of the Current Financial and Economic Downturn on the Textile and Apparel Industry in Poland

Authors: Pomykalski Przemysław

In the long run a company can outperform rivals only if it can identify and establish a difference that it can preserve; in the short and medium run managers need to respond to a changing environment...   more »

full text | Pages 13–18

Research and development

Mercerisation of Rapeseed Straw Investigated with the Use of WAXS Method

Authors: Paukszta Dominik

The aim of this research project was to investigate the mercerisation process of natural rapeseed straw used to manufacture composites with thermoplastic polymers. Alkali treatment of the native cellulose causes polymorphic transition to cellulose II and,...   more »

full text | Pages 19–23

Viscose Functionalisation with a Combination of Chitosan/BTCA Using Microwaves

Authors: Šauperl Olivera, Volmajer-Valh Julija

Improved hygiene and health care standards have a great impact on the development of hygiene and health care products. For this purpose, viscose is a very popular substrate. One of the most promising anti-microbial compounds of modern times...   more »

full text | Pages 24–29

Comparative Analysis of Cotton Yarn Properties Spun on Pneumatic Compact Spinning Systems

Authors: Khurshid Muhammad Furqan, Nadeem Kashif, Asad Muhammad, Chaudhry Muhammad Ashraf, Amanullah Muhammad

The article presents a comparative analysis of the properties of cotton yarn spun on three pneumatic compact spinning systems Rieter® K-44, Suessen® Elite and Toyota® RX-240. Combed compact cotton yarn with a linear density of 10 tex was...   more »

full text | Pages 30–34

Effect of Fibre Fineness and Spinning Speed on Polyester Vortex Spun Yarn Properties

Authors: Sankara Kuthalam E., Senthilkumar Pandurangan

The properties of vortex yarn made from 100% polyester fibre with different fibre finenesses and spinning speeds were studied. Four different fibre finenesses (0.9, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 dtex) were used to produce yarns of 20 tex...   more »

full text | Pages 35–39

Frictional Coefficient Change of Groove Surface in Compact Spinning with a Suction Groove

Authors: Ma Hong-Cai, Ma Hong-Cai, Lu Shilin, Cheng Long-Di , Hua Zhihong

Compared with conventional ring spinning, compact spinning with a suction groove can reduce hairiness and improve yarn quality, and it has certain advantages to long staple fibre. In this article, we analyse the changing rule of rotational speed...   more »

full text | Pages 40–42

Investigation of Initial Warp Tension and Weave Influence on Warp Yarn Diameter Projections

Authors: Rukuižienė Žaneta, Kumpikaitė Eglė

The influence of initial warp yarn tension and fabric weave on warp yarn projections are investigated in this article. Fabrics were woven with different initial tensions and weaves. The warp yarn projections were measured beside the floats in...   more »

full text | Pages 43–48

Effects of Vacuum Steaming Process on the Twist Liveliness of Staple Yarns

Authors: Sardag Sibel, Özdemir Özcan

During yarn formation by spinning, fibres are bent into approximately helical shapes and tension is created. Twisted yarns tend to untwist because of this tension. When twisted yarn tension is slackened, the yarns usually get coupled as loops...   more »

full text | Pages 49–53

Investigation of the Resistance to Pile Loop Extraction of Linen and Ramie Fabrics

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Dapsauskaite Dalia, Velickiene Asta

The paper presents an investigation of the resistance to pile loop extraction of terry fabrics in relation to the pile height, impacts/finishing, and weft density. Terry fabrics analysed in the experimental work were made from linen/cotton or ramie/cotton...   more »

full text | Pages 54–58

Vibratory Thickening of Weft Threads in a Weaving Loom – Simulation Tests

Authors: Kuchar Maciej

A model of the beating-up force of a weft thread in a weaving loom was developed on the basis of the shed geometry. A dynamic model of the process of thickening weft threads was built and a multi-parameter...   more »

full text | Pages 59–64

Properties of Yarns of Different Colours Sized by Standard and Pre-wetting Process

Authors: Gudlin Schwarz Ivana, Kovačević Stana, Katović Drago, Dimitrovski Krste

This paper presents an investigation consisting of several stages of sample treatment and testing. The first stage was dyeing cotton yarns (with nominal counts of 20 tex and 30 tex) using reactive dyes to obtain yarns in six...   more »

full text | Pages 66–72

Assessment and Verification of the Functionality of New, Multi‑Component, Camouflage Materials

Authors: Fortuniak Krystyna, Redlich Grażyna, Obersztyn Ewa, Olejnik Magdalena, Bartczak Agnieszka, Król Izabella

The article presents new textile structures (woven and knitted fabrics) featuring camouflage properties in visible (VIS) and near infra-red (IR) radiation bands. The textiles were designed and made for masking individuals and their personal equipment. Their design, diversified by...   more »

full text | Pages 73–79

Change in Structural and Thermal Properties of Textile Fabric Packages Containing Basalt Fibres after Fatigue Bending Loading

Authors: Gilewicz Paulina, Dominiak Justyna, Cichocka Agnieszka, Frydrych Iwona

The aim of this work was to determine the influence of the fatigue bending of textile packages consisting of aluminised basalt woven fabrics, textile inserts and linings on their structural and thermal insulation properties. For the process of...   more »

full text | Pages 80–84

Modelling Heat-Moisture Transport Through Firefighters’ Protective Fabrics from an Impinging Flame Jet by Simulating the Drying Process

Authors: Zhu Fang Long, Zhou Yu

Abstract In this paper, a mathematical model for coupled heat and moisture transfer through a firefighters’ protective clothing system exposed to high flux is proposed by simulating the drying process in fire. This model is based on Fick’s...   more »

full text | Pages 85–90

Antimicrobial Properties of Socks Protected with Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: Foltynowicz Zenon, Gwiazdowska Daniela, Rodewald Dorota, Nowaczyk Agnieszka, Filipiak Marian

Antimicrobial properties of socks containing silver nanoparticles were investigated. Two types of socks were used for testing. The first were linen (100%) socks impregnated with a specimen containing silver nanoparticles. The second type were commercially available cotton (55%) socks...   more »

full text | Pages 91–96

New Generation of Knitted Fabrics from Degradable Synthetic Yarns

Authors: Pinar Anna, Mielicka Elżbieta, Janicka Jolanta, Walak A., Sikorska W.

The possibility of using yarns of biodegradable polyester raw materials creates a new area of research works in knitted fabric technology. Because of the raw material characteristics and different properties of non-woven biodegradable materials, the knitted fabrics under investigation...   more »

full text | Pages 97–104

Bulletproof Vest Thermal Insulation Properties vs. User Thermal Comfort

Authors: Zwolińska Magdalena, Bogdan Anna, Delczyk-Olejniczak Bogumiła, Robak Dorota

Ballistic protection equipment, such as a bulletproof vest or helmet, is a soldier’s most important means of preserving life and health. The bulletproof vests discussed in this paper are designed to protect the user’s chest from injury without...   more »

full text | Pages 105–111

Textile Multilayered Systems with Magnetorheological Fluids for Potential Application in Multi-Threat Protections. Preliminary Stab - Resistance Studies

Authors: Olszewska Karolina, Polak Jadwiga, Zielińska Dorota, Struszczyk Marcin H., Kucińska Iwona, Wierzbicki Łukasz, Kozłowska Joanna, Leonowicz Marcin, Wiśniewski Adam

The article presents the results of preliminary work carried out for flexible body armour systems designs which contained three types of magnetorheological fluid (MRFs). The stab resistance of the multilayered material systems with magnetorheological fluids were investigated. Tests were...   more »

full text | Pages 112–116

Use of Artificial Neural Networks for Modelling of Seam Strength and Elongation at Break

Authors: Yildiz Zehra, Dal Vedat, Ünal Muhammet, Yildiz Kazim

The strength and elongation at break of a seam are very important characteristics of comfort clothing. Optimum seam strength must be durable enough to do our daily activities easily. Some parameters such as the type and count of...   more »

full text | Pages 117–123

Case Study of the Impact of Motorcycle Clothing on the Human Body and Its Thermal Insulation

Authors: Zwolińska Magdalena

The interest in motorcycles is growing year by year. It should be noted that motorcyclists belong to the group of most vulnerable road users who suffer the most severe consequences of road traffic accidents. During an accident, the...   more »

full text | Pages 124–130

Failure Simulation of Metal-Composite Joints

Authors: Derewońko Agnieszka

The paper presents a numerical analysis method allowing the determination of the degree of failure of an adhesive joint with the use of CAE software. The results of an experimental test are used to describe properties of the...   more »

full text | Pages 131–134

Video Assisting System for Garment Manufacturing Technological Flow

Authors: Donciu Codrin

Although numerous video-inspecting systems have beenimplemented in different manufacturing domains, in the textile industry there is no video assisting/inspecting of assembling operations in the textile/clothes production flow available on the market. There are some particularities of textile and clothes...   more »

full text | Pages 135–140

Design of Radiofrequency Protective Clothing Containing Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: Vojtech Lukas, Neruda Marek

Electromagnetic shielding materials find use not only in electrical device construction, but also in personnel protective aids constructions for fitters and maintenance workers of power devices under operation. Standards for the effects of electromagnetic fields are published and producers...   more »

full text | Pages 141–147

General Information

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14,
fax (48-42) 637-65-01
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl
Events:

EDITORIAL OFFICE
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-00 , fax (48-42) 637-65-01 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh

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