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Issue 4 (100) / 2013

Title page       Contents

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Future of the Polish Textile Industrial Sector. An Overall Analysis of the Empirical Research Performed with the Delphi Method within the Project Foresight ‘Modern Technologies for the Textile Industry. A Chance for Polan

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia, Koszewska Małgorzata, Czajkowski Tomasz, Malinowska-Olszowy Monika

The article presents the initial discussion of the results of research performed with a Delphi method within the project Foresight ‘Modern technologies for the textile industry. A chance for Poland’. This project was done as a...   more »

full text | Pages 10–15

Using Lean Manufacturing Techniques to Improve Production Efficiency in the Ready Wear Industry and a Case Study

Authors: Dal Vedat, Akçagün Engin, Yilmaz Abdurrahim

Businesses apply different techniques to keep pace with the incremental competition conditions and changing consumer demands. Lean manufacturing is one of the most effective techniques, which is a systematic approach to identifying and eliminating waste through...   more »

full text | Pages 16–22

Research and development

Bending Behaviour of LLDPE Monofilaments Depending on Cold Drawing and Composition of the LLDPEs

Authors: Kolgjini B., Schoukens Gustaaf, Shehi E., Kiekens Paul

The behaviour of the pile layer of artificial turf is an important element for the performance of artificial turf. As a top layer, it is constantly under deformation, with the most possible being bending . The...   more »

full text | Pages 23–30

Formation and Properties of Highly Porous Dibutyrylchitin Fibres Containing Nanoparticles

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Komisarczyk Agnieszka, Krucińska Izabella

The article gives an account of investigations on the preparation of highly porous dibutyrylchitin fibres containing tri-calcium phosphate (â-TCP) or nano-hydroxyapatite (nano HAp). Fibers were spun from 16% dibutyrylchitin (DBC) solutions in ethanol (content of ethanol:...   more »

full text | Pages 31–37

Influence of Triton X-100 on PVA Fibres Production by the Electrospinning Technique

Authors: Araújo Evando S., Araújo Evando S., Nascimento Marcio Luis F., de Oliveira Helinando P.

Electrospinning represents a low cost technique applied in the production of micro- and nano-fibres. The use of poly(vinyl alcohol) as supporting matrix in aqueous solution for fibre deposition introduces important advantages related with drug release (based...   more »

full text | Pages 39–43

Single Polymer Composite Yarns and Films Prepared from Heat Bondable Poly(lactic acid) Core-shell Fibres with Submicron Fibre Diameters

Authors: Kriel Haydn, Sanderson Ronald D., Smit Eugene

Mats of core-shell fibres of semi-crystalline poly(L-lactic acid) (core) and amorphous poly(D,L-lactic acid) (shell) produced through coaxial electrospinning were used to prepare fibre reinforced single polymer composite yarns and films. The internal molecular arrangement (fine structure)...   more »

full text | Pages 44–47

Prediction and Quantitative Analysis of Yarn Properties from Fibre Properties Using Robust Regression and Extra Sum Squares

Authors: Fattahi S., Hoseini Ravandi S. A.

The main aim of this study is the prediction and quantity evaluation of important yarn properties (tensile, unevenness, hairiness and imperfections of yarn) from fibre properties by the robust regression and extra sum squares methods. We...   more »

full text | Pages 48–54

Application of the MODAPTS Method with Inovative Solutions in the Warping Process

Authors: Šabarić Irena, Brnada Snježana, Kovačević Stana

The paper presents some general features of the MODAPTS (Modular Arrangement of Predetermined Time Standards) method and its application in the warping process during making fabrics. The labour of the worker in extra warping jobs was...   more »

full text | Pages 55–59

Influence of the Backrest Roller Position on the Properties of Denim Fabrics

Authors: Tashakori Shad Hamideh, Haghighat Ezzatollah, Nosraty Hooshang

Denim is one of the most traditional and fashionable fabrics. The quality of denim fabrics based on their usage is important. The physical and mechanical properties of denim fabrics have considerable influence on their application and...   more »

full text | Pages 60–66

Mathematical Simulation of Elongation at Break after Fatigue Loading of Fabrics Containing Fancy Yarns

Authors: Ragaišienė Audronė, Milašiene Daiva

The aim of this research was to investigate the mechanical indices of fabrics with fancy yarns before and after fatigue loading and develop a mathematical simulation of the elongation at break of the fabrics investigated. For...   more »

full text | Pages 67–74

Probabilistic Model of the Fatigue Durability of Knitted Fabrics Produced from Standard Smooth and Fancy Flame Cotton Yarns

Authors: Drobina Robert

The possibility of the introduction of probabilistic models based on Weibull’s theory applied to modelling the problems of fatigue durability and reliable structures as well as models based on log-normal distribution is presented. It was found...   more »

full text | Pages 75–84

Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane Coated Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Potočić Matković Vesna Marija, Skenderi Zenun

The aim of this study was to analyse the elongation properties of polyurethane coated knitted fabrics in order to predict their behaviour using the regression models calculated. Seven samples of the knitted fabric, each coated with...   more »

full text | Pages 86–91

Evaluation of the Residual Bagging Height using the Regression Technique and Fuzzy Theory

Authors: Jaouachi Boubaker, Jaouachi Boubaker

This paper deals with the evaluation of the residual bagging height using the fuzzy theory method. An experimental design was used to objectively evaluate the effect of input parameters on the residual bagging height of knitted...   more »

full text | Pages 92–98

Geometric and Structural Model of a Spatial Knitted Product

Authors: Pieklak Katarzyna, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

The paper presents a structural and geometric model of spatial warp-knitted fabrics using an angular solid of square cross-section as an example. An algorithm for designing the geometry of knitted fabric’s spatial architecture with references to...   more »

full text | Pages 99–105

Modified Melt-Blown Nonwovens for Respiratory Protective Devices Against Nanoparticles

Authors: Brochocka Agnieszka, Majchrzycka Katarzyna, Makowski Krzysztof

Epidemiological studies of the effect of harmful nanoparticles on the human body prove that efficient protective measures need to be developed. This applies, in particular, to respiratory protection equipment in which filtration nonwovens are the essential...   more »

full text | Pages 106–111

Numerical Simulation of Dynamic Pressure and Displacement for the Top Part of Men’s Socks Using the Finite Element Method

Authors: Dan Rui, Dan Ming-Hui, Fan Xue-Rong, Chen Dong-Sheng, Chen Dong-Sheng, Shi Zhen, Zhang Mei

Numerical simulation of elastic human body deformation and dynamic pressure and displacement distribution are critical for pressure comfort and optimal design of apparel products. This paper demonstrates an analytical method for simulating dynamic pressure and displacement...   more »

full text | Pages 112–117

Modelling of the Temperature Field within Textile Inlayers of Clothing Laminates

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Szafrańska Halina

Inlayers are introduced to improve the aesthetic qualities and stiffness against the creasing of clothing laminates. The laminate is created by the thermoplastic polymer glue between the inlayer and clothing material, softened by the heat. The...   more »

full text | Pages 118–122

Influence of Natural Fibre Treatment on Interfacial Adhesion in Biocomposites

Authors: Širvaitiene Anne, Jankauskaite Virginija, Bekampiene Paule, Kondratas Alvydas

Adhesion interaction in the fibre-matrix interface is important in all composites used in load-bearing applications. To improve interfacial adhesion, various treatment methods of the fibre surface are applied. In this work the influence of chemical and/or...   more »

full text | Pages 123–129

Modelling the Performance of Selected Textile Elements of Personal Protective Equipment Protecting Against Falls from a Height During Fall Arrest

Authors: Baszczyński Krzysztof

Ropes and woven webbing used in personal equipment protecting against falls from a height determine the course of forces acting on the human body during fall arrest, as well as the fall arrest distance. This paper...   more »

full text | Pages 130–136

Development of a Three Dimensional Approach to Acquire a Drape Contour and Studies on Influential Factors

Authors: Gnanavel P., Ananthakrishnan T.

Drape is one of the important factors influencing the aesthetics and functionality of fabrics. In this paper, the instrument used for measuring fabric drape was slightly modified from the Cusick Drapemeter(DM). Instead of tracing / digitally...   more »

full text | Pages 137–143

Dyeing Properties and Colour Characteristics of a Novel Fluorescent Dye Applied to Acrylic Fabric

Authors: Liu Li, Qin Chuanxiang, Tang Ren-Cheng, Chen Guoqiang

In this paper, hemicyanine fluorescent dye, namely, trans-4-[p-(N,N-diethylamino) -styryl]-N-methyl pyridinium bromide (DEASPBr), was synthesised and applied to the dyeing of acrylic fabric using the traditional cationic dyeing procedure. The absorption spectra of the novel dye were...   more »

full text | Pages 144–147

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT