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Issue 2 (98) / 2013

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Application of Godet’s Scenario Methodology to the Turkish Apparel Industry

Authors: Saricam Canan, Kalaoğlu Fatma, Polat Seckin, Cassill Nancy L.

The value of Turkish textile and apparel trade has shown steady growth since the 1980s, making this one of the indispensable sectors for the Turkish economy. However, especially after 2000, the dramatic effects of globalisation and liberalisation began...   more »

full text | Pages 7–12

Comparision of Logistics and Clothing Sectors for a Logistics Center Site Selection Using AHP

Authors: Eryuruk Selin Hanife , Kalaoğlu Fatma, Baskak Murat

The textile and clothing sectors can be seen as a supply chain consisting of a number of discrete activities. The supply chain from sourcing raw materials to distribution and marketing must be well organized as an...   more »

full text | Pages 13–18

Research and development

Investigation on the Effect of Process Variables on Polyurethane Nanofibre Diameter Using a Factorial Design

Authors: Yanilmaz Meltem, Kalaoğlu Fatma, Karakas Hale

In this study, a factorial experimental design was used to study the effects of process parameters on nanofibre diameters, the voltage applied and the distance from the tip to collector. Nanofibres were produced using 10% concentration...   more »

full text | Pages 19–21

Mechanical and Thermal Behaviors of Polypropylene - Multi-Walled Carbon
Nanotube Nanocomposite Monofilaments

Authors: Ersoy Mehmet Sabri, Onder Emel

In this work, multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) reinforced polypropylene (PP) monofilaments were prepared by the melt extrusion method. The effect of MWCNTs on the mechanical behaviour of nanocomposite monofilaments was studied by tensile testing and dynamic...   more »

full text | Pages 22–27

Production of Poly(vinylalcohol) Nanoyarns Using a Special Saw-like Collector

Authors: Chvojka Jiri, Chvojka Jiri, Hinestroza J. P., Lukas David, Lukas David

This work introduces an electrospinning method for laboratory-scale production of nanofibrous materials from polyvinylalcohol (PVA) nanofibres. A procedure for the subsequent production of twisted yarns from the aligned nanofibrous strand is introduced as well. Both needle...   more »

full text | Pages 28–31

Investigation of the Electrical Properties and Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness of Polypyrrole Coated Cotton  Yarns

Authors: Yildiz Z., Usta İsmail, Gungor A.

Polypyrrole (PPy) coated cotton yarns were prepared by the vapour phase polymerisation technique at various initiator concentrations. Iron (III) chloride (FeCl3) was used as the initiator at four different concentrations (0.2, 0.4, 0.6 & 0.8 mol/l)...   more »

full text | Pages 32–37

Influence of Nozzle Type on Yarn Quality in Open-End Rotor Spinning

Authors: Çoruh Ebru, Çelik Nihat

In this study we investigated the effect of the nozzle type as one of the most important parts of the open-end rotor spinning system on yarn quality. 100% Urfa Region cotton was used for the production...   more »

full text | Pages 38–42

Investigation of Yarn Properties of Modified Yarn Spinning Systems with Air Nozzle Attachment

Authors: Yilmaz Demet, Usal Mustafa Reşit

In the present study, conventional ring and compact spinning systems were modified with the air nozzle placed below the drafting system of the spinning frames. The modification of the conventional ring spinning system was called ‘Jetring’,...   more »

full text | Pages 43–50

Modeling Stretching-Relaxation Properties of Yarns

Authors: Shi Feng-jun

In this paper, the stretching-stress relaxation properties of polyester/viscose and regenerated bamboo fiber/cotton blended yarns are studied. Based on the Boltzmann superposition principle, the stretching-stress relaxation process of the yarns is analysed using the standard linear...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

Measurement of the Adhesive Force for Selected Yarns Joined with the Use of the Pneumatic Linking Technique

Authors: Swaczyna Paweł

The article presents an idea of measuring the adhesive force – a force binding together the components of yarn pneumatically linked, describes the measuring system designed and partially constructed at the Textile Research Institute (IW), discusses...   more »

full text | Pages 56–60

Assessment of the Fatigue Durability of Standard Smooth and Fancy Flame Cotton Yarns Using a Statistical Model

Authors: Drobina Robert

The fatigue durability of smooth and fancy flame cotton yarns was analysed with a Wöhler’s curve. It was found out that the characteristic of fatigue durability of the curve mentioned determined for cotton fancy flame yarns...   more »

full text | Pages 61–67

Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of Warp in the Process of Weaving

Authors: Shen D.-F., Ye G.-M.

The fluctuation process of warp movement is analysed by the nonlinear vibration method. Based on Newton’s Law, a differential equation of warp axial/cross direction movement is established. This paper separates the time variable from the space variable by...   more »

full text | Pages 68–73

Weaving Density Evaluation with the Aid of Image Analysis

Authors: Techniková Lenka, Tunak Maros

This paper deals with the efficiency evaluation of selected methods for automatic assessing of weaving density based on image analysis for different kinds of fabrics. A set of woven fabrics samples in plain, satin and twill weave and...   more »

full text | Pages 74–79

Theoretical Model of the Influence of Textile Structure on Wetting Hysteresis

Authors: Bachurová Marcela, Wiener Jakub

In our work we theoretically analysed the influence of textile structure on the hysteresis of wetting. The situation with current fabrics is complicated and the properties of fibers, yarns, and geometric arrangement also influence their wetting. The basis...   more »

full text | Pages 80–83

Air Permeability and Costructional Parameters of Woven Fabrics

Authors: Havlová Marie

The main aim of this paper is to look into the relationship between the structure and air permeability of a woven fabric, and discuss the possibility of the prediction of fabric air permeability. With respect to the relationship...   more »

full text | Pages 84–89

Water Vapour Absorption of Terry Fabrics with Linen and Hemp Pile Loop

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Velickiene Asta, Petrulis Donatas

A textile material’s ability to pass water vapour greatly affects the comfort of the wearer. Terry fabrics are characterised by their high absorption ability acquired by an increased absorbing surface of the pile structure. In this study we...   more »

full text | Pages 90–95

Protection Properties of Woven Fabrics Against High-Intensity UV Radiation Emitted by Artificial Sources

Authors: Stempień Zbigniew, Dominiak Justyna, Sulerzycka-Bil Magdalena

In production processes artificial UV sources are frequently used, which can generate UV radiation within the range from 200 nm to 400 nm. The intensity of UV radiation generated by artificial sources and affecting the body may be...   more »

full text | Pages 96–102

Experimental Identification of Light Barrier Properties of Decorative Jacquard Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Szmyt Joanna, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

A new and original research method was developed and a measuring stand designed for identification of light barrier properties of textiles. The parameters of decorative knitted fabrics measured are the following: transmission and reflection of light, surface cover...   more »

full text | Pages 104–110

Estimate of the Properties of Underlay Geocomposites Cooperating with other Geosynthetics in Geotechnical Buildings

Authors: Malkiewicz Jadwiga, Drobina Robert

In the following article the authors present production technology for modern geocomposites obtained by mechanical needle-punching technology and spun-lace technology. The influence of the mass per unit area on mechanical parameters as well as that of the mass per...   more »

full text | Pages 111–116

Conferences, Fairs and Other Events


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full text | Pages 117–119

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT