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PAN Precursor Fibres Containing Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Research and development


  • Szparaga Grzegorz
    Department of Material and Commodity Sciencs and Textile Metrology, Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Technical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
  • Mikołajczyk Teresa (j/w)
  • Fraczek-Szczypta Aneta
    Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Ceramics, AGH – University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland

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The spinning conditions of wet spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibres containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were investigated. On the basis of images from a transmission electron microscope, it was shown that the MWCNTs are well dispersed in the fibre matrix as well as straightened and oriented in the direction of the fibre axis. The presence of MWCNTs in the fibre matter caused an increase in the crystallinity of the precursor fibres and a decrease in their porosity. The tenacity of the composite fibres was lower than that of pure PAN fibres, which was caused by the fact that carbon nanotubes hindered deformation in the drawing stages, resulting in a lower draw ratio possible to be obtained of composite fibres compared to standard fibres. For the PAN precursor fibres obtained a two stage carbonisation process was conducted: The first stage was conducted in an oxidative atmosphere (at 140 °C for 5 hours and then at 200 °C for 6 hours in air). The second stage was conducted in an inert atmosphere (at 1000 °C for 5 minutes in argon atmosphere). The strength of carbon fibres containing MWCNTs obtained shows, in the majority, no significant differences in comparision to reference fibres without MWCNTs. However, the tensile strength was lower.


precursor fibres, carbon fibres, PAN, carbon nanotubes, fibre spinning conditions


Szparaga G, Mikołajczyk T, Frączek-Szczypta A. PAN Precursor Fibres Containing Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2013; 21, 6(102): 33-38.

Published in issue no 6 (102) / 2013, pages 33–38.


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