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Issue 4 (58) / 2006

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Strategies for Operation in Foreign Markets as a Source of the Polish Clothing Industry’s Competitive Advantage in Europe

Authors: Grandys Ewa

Following Poland’s entry to the European Union, its domestic market has been integrated into the Single European Market. The Polish clothing industry has been seeking competitive advantages by reducing manufacturing costs and ensuring the high quality...   more »

full text | Pages 8–10

The Effects of the EU Customs Union with Turkey on the Turkish Textile and Clothing Sector

Authors: Atilgan Turan, Kanat Seher

The movement of globalisation, which is proceeding at increasing speed all around the world, is causing serious problems, especially for developing countries whose sectors have a low competition level. Because it is known that regional co-operation...   more »

full text | Pages 11–15

The Effects of the Textile and Clothing Sector on the Economy of Turkey

Authors: Atilgan Turan

The textile and clothing sector is one of the most competitive and high value-added sectors of the Turkish economy. Its advantages include qualified labour and an integrated structure which includes all the processes starting from obtaining...   more »

full text | Pages 16–20

Research and development

PA 6, Co-polyamides of ε-Caprolactam with Nylon Salt of Diethylenetriamine + Adipic Acid and their Thermal Properties

Authors: Kristofič Michal, Ujhelyiová Anna

The synthesis of co-polyamides consisting of ε-caprolactam and 5.9-19.7 wt.% of nylon salt ADETA, prepared from adipic acid + diethylenetriamine and the physical & thermal properties of polyamide 6 and co-polyamides, are reported. The content of...   more »

full text | Pages 21–24

Research into the Process of Manufacturing Alginate-Chitosan Fibres

Authors: Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Wawro Dariusz, Niekraszewicz Antoni, Ciechańska Danuta

The process of obtaining alginate-chitosan fibres intended for medical applications was the subject of our investigations. Two methods of forming two-component alginate-chitosan fibres of the core-skin type (calcium alginate and chitosan respectively) were developed. The first...   more »

full text | Pages 25–31

Formation of Cellulose/Silk-Fibroin Blended Fibres

Authors: Strobin Grażyna, Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Ciechańska Danuta, Jóźwicka Jolanta, Sobczak Serafina, Haga Atsunobu

This article presents research results concerning the formation of cellulose/silk-fibroin blended fibres. Bio-modified cellulose and silk-fibroin isolated from cocoons of the Bombyx mori silkworm were used for our investigations. In order to find advantageous fibre-formation conditions,...   more »

full text | Pages 32–35

Influence of Selected Parameters of the Spinning Process on the State of Mixing of Fibres of a Cotton/Polyester-Fibre Blend Yarn

Authors: Cyniak Danuta, Czekalski Jerzy, Jackowski Tadeusz

In this report, we present investigations concerned with the influence of selected parameters of the spinning process such as the spinning system, machine settings, and percentage content of cotton and polyester fibres in the blended yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 36–40

Estimating the Linear Density of Fancy Ribbon-Type Yarns and the Structure Indices of Fabrics Knitted from Them

Authors: Čiukas Ricardas, Tvarijonavičiené Beata, Mikučioniené Daiva

This paper presents the results of analyses comparing the theoretical and practically established data of the structure parameters of ribbon-type knitted yarns and fabrics knitted from them. We propose a method for calculating ribbon-type knitted yarn’s...   more »

full text | Pages 41–43

Influence of Reed on Fabric Inequality in Width

Authors: Rukuižienė Žaneta, Milašius Rimvydas

Earlier experimental investigations have demonstrated the particular regularity of inequality in warp projections in the loom-state fabric width, while the projections of wefts were constant throughout the whole width of the fabric. The changes in warp...   more »

full text | Pages 44–47

Physical and Mathematical Modelling
of the Phenomenon of Fur Knitting Compression

Authors: Patyk Barbara, Korliński Władysław

While analysing the dependencies between the compression-ability parameter S (the squeezing parameter) and parameters describing fur knittings, i.e. the initial free thickness g0 of its pile and the area mass G of the knitting, we have...   more »

full text | Pages 48–52

The Effect of Braiding Parameters
on the Mechanical Properties of Braided Ropes

Authors: Omeroglu Sunay

In this study, the effects of braid pattern and take-up rate on the mechanical properties of the tubular braided ropes of polypropylene were investigated. Strand fineness of 70 tex and 150 tex, braid pattern of 1/1...   more »

full text | Pages 53–57

Aspects of Standardisation in Measuring Thermal Clothing Insulation on a Thermal Manikin

Authors: Konarska Maria, Sołtyński Krzysztof, Sudoł-Szopińska Iwona, Młoźnak Dariusz, Chojnacka Anna

The aim of this paper is to analyse the influence on a standing thermal manikin of various factors such as thermal environment parameters (temperature, humidity, velocity/direction of air flow), how heating power is transferred to the...   more »

full text | Pages 58–63

Process of the Lockstitch Tightening and Optimisation of the Thread Working Conditions. Part I. Dynamic Model of the Phenomenon

Authors: Więźlak Włodzimierz, Elmrych-Bocheńska Joanna

During the formation of lockstitches in the sewing machine, the thread inserted into the stitch link by the needle undergoes extreme destruction as the result of the machine tool’s action. The stage of inserting the interlacement...   more »

full text | Pages 64–67

Effect of Production Process Parameters on Different Properties of a Nonwoven Spacer Produced on a 3D Web Linker®

Authors: Vasile Simona, Van Langenhove Lieva, De Meulemeester Simon  

In the field of technical textiles, three-dimensional woven spacer fabrics and knit spacer fabrics are nowadays widely used. Nevertheless, 3D nonwoven structures produced without any threads are still a novel development. Here we examine the possibility...   more »

full text | Pages 68–74

A New Method and Equipment for Manufacturing New Adsorptive Materials with Active Carbon Content

Authors: Czaplicki Zdzislaw

This paper presents a new method and equipment for manufacturing adsorptive materials. The new filter materials are designed for cleaning air from impurities in the form of strongly irritant aromatic or chemical substances. The adsorbent material...   more »

full text | Pages 75–78

Comparative Analysis of the Properties of Active Carbon Fibres Obtained from Different Precursors

Authors: Babeł Krzysztof, Krucińska Izabella, Cisło Romualda, Koszewska Małgorzata

This paper presents the changes to some properties and structural features of four types of polymer fibres and the nonwovens obtained from them during fibre pyrolysis and the following steam activation at a temperature of 850...   more »

full text | Pages 79–86

Testing Textiles Using the LA-ICP-MS-TOF Method

Authors: Szynkowska Małgorzata I., Czerski K., Paryjczak Tadeusz, Rybicki Edward, Włochowicz Andrzej

The LA-ICP-TOF-MS method (Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry) is an analytical technique for determining trace elements and their isotopes in solid samples. The action of a high-energy laser beam on a...   more »

full text | Pages 87–90

An Analysis of Young’s Modulus Distribution in the Paper Plane

Authors: Szewczyk Włodzimierz, Marynowski Krzysztof, Tarnawski Wiktorian

Within our research work we determined the Young’s modulus distribution in the paper plane on the basis of results of tensile tests in selected directions. Using mathematical relationships valid for orthotropic materials, the moduli were calculated...   more »

full text | Pages 91–94

Extended Oxygen Delignification of Pine Kraft Pulp

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

The research deals with the issue of how the conditions of the oxygen delignification process (that is, the removal of residual lignin from pulp fibres with oxygen in alkaline medium) affect pulp properties. The investigation refers...   more »

full text | Pages 95–100


FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14,
fax (48-42) 637-65-01
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl

ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-00 , fax (48-42) 637-65-01 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh