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Issue 3 (57) / 2006

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

The Polish Textile Sector and its Competitiveness on the Single European Market, with Special Emphasis on Blankets, Travelling Rugs and Towels

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia

The aim of the paper is an analysis of the Single European Market based on selected products: cotton and man-made blankets and travelling rugs, towels and kitchen cloth. The analysis is prepared on the basis of...   more »

full text | Pages 7–11

Research and development

Alkaline Treatment of Dibutyrylchitin Fibres Spun from Polymer Solution in Ethyl Alcohol

Authors: Biniaś Dorota, Boryniec Stefan, Biniaś Włodzimierz, Włochowicz Andrzej

Dibutyrylchitin (DBCH) was obtained from native krill chitin by its esterification with butyric anhydride. In this study, DBCH was the initial material for the fibre formation. DBCH fibres were manufactured from a polymer solution in ethyl...   more »

full text | Pages 12–18

Influence of Coagulation Bath Temperature on the Porous Structure and Strength Properties of PAN Fibres Including Montmorillonite

Authors: Boguń Maciej, Mikołajczyk Teresa

An analysis was carried out concerning the influence of coagulation bath temperature on the porous structure and the sorption & strength properties of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibres which include montmorillonite (MMT). We stated that fibres formed at...   more »

full text | Pages 19–22

Mechanics of Parallel Fibre Bundles

Authors: Neckář T. Bohuslav, Das Dipayan 

This theoretical work deals with the mechanics of parallel fibre bundles, on the basis of the fact that each fibre in the bundle possesses different tensile behaviours. As a consequence of this, the tensile behaviour of...   more »

full text | Pages 23–28

Using Unretted Flax to Obtain Yarns and Woven Fabrics

Authors: Mustata Adriana, Avram Dorin, Slabu Valeria

The paper discusses the optimisation of some of the working parameters in the processes of extracting and manufacturing unretted flax fibres to eliminate impurities and attain a certain degree of fibre fineness and mean length in...   more »

full text | Pages 29–32

Quality Analysis of Cotton/Polyester Yarn Blends Spun with the Use of a Rotor Spinning Frame

Authors: Cyniak Danuta, Czekalski Jerzy, Jackowski Tadeusz, Popin Łukasz

An analysis was carried out of parameters characterising fibres, half-finished products, cotton yarns and cotton/polyester yarn blends spun with the use of a R1 rotor spinning frame from Rieter. The influence of polyester fibres’ share in...   more »

full text | Pages 33–37

The Influence of Component Yarns’ Characteristics and Ring Twisting Frame Settings on the Structure and Properties of Spiral, Loop and Bunch Yarns

Authors: Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa, Vasile Simona, Van Langenhove Lieva, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Barburski Marcin

The aim of this research is to provide reliable information, provided in the form of statistical models, regarding the possibilities of modifying the structure and the mechanical properties of fancy yarns by changing the component yarns’...   more »

full text | Pages 38–41

Influence of Selected Process Variables on the Mechanical Properties of Core-Spun Vortex Yarns Containing Elastane

Authors: Ortlek Husein Gazi

In this experimental study, we investigated the effects of nozzle pressure, delivery speed and elastane content on the mechanical properties of core-spun yarns produced using the Murata vortex spinning system. Our findings show that the nozzle...   more »

full text | Pages 42–44

Performance of Chenille Yarns with Elastane

Authors: Nergis Banu Uygun

The effect of the presence of elasthane in the structure of chenille yarn on the abrasion resistance, dimensional and physical properties of plain jersey fabrics is investigated in this experimental study. Based on the results obtained,...   more »

full text | Pages 45–47

Determining Fibre Properties and Linear Density Effect on Cotton Yarn Hairiness in Ring Spinning

Authors: Altaş Sevda, Kadoğlu Hüseyin

The hairiness of a yarn can be defined as the total number or total length of the fibres which leave from the unit yarn’s surface. Yarn hairiness is formed by surface fibre edges which leave the...   more »

full text | Pages 48–51

Examination of the Influence of Selected
Fibre Properties on Yarn Neppiness

Authors: Ozcelik G., Kirtay Erhan

Yarn neppiness, one of the most important aspects of cotton yarn quality, has significant influences on the downstream processes; therefore it should be well controlled. In this study, in order to examine the changes in nep...   more »

full text | Pages 52–57

Investigation into Navel Selection for Rotor Spinning Machine Using Cotton Waste

Authors: Kaplan Sibel, Göktepe Özer

In this study, we investigated the effects of some navel properties such as form, number of grooves, fluted insert, material, lengths of ceramic part and grooves on rotor yarn spun from 100% cotton waste. Ten navels...   more »

full text | Pages 58–62

Application of the Image Analysis Technique for Estimating the Dimensions of Spliced Connections of Yarn-Ends

Authors: Drobina Robert, Machnio Mieczysław S.

In order to determine the geometrical dimensions of the spliced connections of yarn-ends, an algorithm was elaborated using the image analysis technique to determine their dimensions. By applying a Laplace filter, an optimum quality of images...   more »

full text | Pages 63–69

Theoretical Investigation of Separator Units
in Saw-gin MachinesPart II – Dynamic Behaviour

Authors: Koç Erdem, Demiryürek Oğuz

This theoretical study aims to investigate the dynamic behaviour of saw-gin ginning machines with special reference to separator units. For this purpose, the relationship between the driving unit and separator is outlined; optimum running conditions were...   more »

full text | Pages 70–76

Air and Water Vapour Permeability in Double-Layered Knitted Fabrics with Different Raw Materials

Authors: Wilbik-Hałgas Bożena, Danych Remigiusz, Więcek Bogusław, Kowalski Krzysztof

On the basis of a computer image analysis, the surface porosity of knitted fabrics was evaluated by establishing the size of clearances created as an effect of flight channels in the plain double-layered and lining knitted...   more »

full text | Pages 77–80

Air Permeability & Porosity in Spun-laced Fabrics

Authors: Berkalp Omer Berk

The relationship between air permeability and fabric characteristics such as fabric weight, thickness and density in a variety of nonwoven types has already been investigated. The effect of porosity on air permeability has also been thoroughly...   more »

full text | Pages 81–85

Automatic Indigo Measurement System
as Part of a Dosing System for Indigo Dyeing

Authors: Kumbasar E. P. Akçakoca, Aydin H., Öndoğan Ziynet, Ozcelik G., Ondogan E. N.

Indigo dye has been widely used for dyeing traditional blue denim products intended to give a worn faded look. However, while using the warp yarn dyeing process with indigo dye often occur problems of colour variation....   more »

full text | Pages 86–90

Analysis of the Wetting Behaviour of an Inclined Fibre

Authors: Pociūtė-Adamovičienė Milda, Schwarz Anne, Stanys Sigitas

The surfaces of physical bodies are the subject of fascinating research, which combines different scientific disciplines, such as physics, chemistry and material science. A physical body’s surface properties determine its wettability, among other things. The wetting...   more »

full text | Pages 91–96

Chitosan Microfibrids: Preparation, Selected Properties and Application

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Ciechańska Danuta, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Bodek Andrzej

According to a method elaborated in the Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres (the former Institute of Chemical Fibres), Łódź, Poland, we prepared chitosan microfibrids with a diameter of 1 to 5 μm in wet condition,...   more »

full text | Pages 97–101


FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14,
fax (48-42) 637-65-01
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl

ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-00 , fax (48-42) 637-65-01 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh