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Issue 2 (56) / 2006

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Shopping Patterns of Older Consumers in Slovenian Clothes Market

Authors: Mumel Damijan, Završnik Bruno, Prodnik Jadranka

The purpose of the research presented in this paper was to describe the clothes buying patterns of older consumers in Slovenia. We collected the results of 271 older clothing consumers through multiplicity samples. The respondents were...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Research and development

Influence of the As-spun Draw Ratio on the Structure and Properties of PAN Fibres Including Montmorillonite

Authors: Boguń Maciej, Mikołajczyk Teresa, Kurzak Andrzej, Błażewicz Marta, Rajzer Izabella

We carried out an analysis of the influence of fibre-forming conditions by wet spinning PAN fibres which include montmorillonite (MMT), on the porous structure, sorption & strength properties of the fibres. The fibres obtained are characterised...   more »

full text | Pages 13–16

Twisting Characteristics of Rotor-Spun Composite Yarns

Authors: Zhang Haixia, Zhang Haixia, Xue Yuan

At two filament over-feed ratios, different kinds of rotor-spun composite yarns were produced by combining staple fibres with filament yarns under varying twisting factors. The yarn tensions were measured, and the effects of twist factors on...   more »

full text | Pages 17–19

Analysis of the Performance of Sewing Threads Manufactured from Conventional and Compact Ring-spun Yarns

Authors: Yeşilpnar Sevil

The compact spinning system produces a yarn structure which is different from the structure of conventional spun yarn as the result of the elimination of the spinning triangle. New perspectives introduced by compact spinning have proved...   more »

full text | Pages 20–23

A Study of the Basic Parameters Describing the Structure of Chenille Yarns

Authors: Çeven Erhan Kenan, Özdemir Özcan

The basic parameters describing the structure of chenille fancy yarns produced on a chenille yarn machine have been characterised. The effect of the properties of the component yarns, and that of machine parameters on the final...   more »

full text | Pages 24–28

Assessment of Transversal Deformations
of Multi-Axial Woven Fabrics Stretched One-Directionally

Authors: Frontczak-Wasiak Izabela, Snycerski Marek

The coefficient of the transversal deformation of woven fabrics while stretched one-directionally was determined by experiments. Three-axial fabrics, four-axial fabrics with homogeneous and inhomogeneous nets, and six-axial fabrics with an inhomogeneous net were the subjects of...   more »

full text | Pages 29–33

Analysis of the Work of a Card Autoleveller with a New Algorithm of Operation

Authors: Idzik Marek

These studies concern the work of a modernised autoleveller whose algorithm of operation allows for the phenomenon of sliver retardation after short-term regulation. The autoleveller’s effectiveness at standard and corrected controlling signals was compared. Measurements were...   more »

full text | Pages 34–36

The Peculiarities of the Ornamentation of Lithuanian Traditional Woven Textiles

Authors: Zdanavičiūtė Ingrida, Milašius Vytautas, Katunskis Jurgis

In this work, attention is focused on the salience and repetition of symmetry and colour features over shifts of time and on the preference of symmetries and colours in Lithuanian traditional textiles within all ethnic regions....   more »

full text | Pages 37–40

Evaluation of the Structural Homogeneity of Denim Fabric by Means of Digital Image Analysis

Authors: Owczarek Magdalena, Masajtis Józef

A new, fast, precise and method of evaluating the homogeneity of a fabric’s structure which is not destructive has been devised. In this article, the new method was tested on denim fabrics. The basis for evaluating...   more »

full text | Pages 41–45

The Prediction of Elongation and Recovery of Woven Bi-Stretch Fabric Using Artificial Neural Network and Linear Regression Models

Authors: Ogulata S. Noyan, Sahin Cenk, Ogulata R. Tugrul, Balci Onur

Stretch woven fabrics are widely used because of their good elongation and recovery (residual extension) properties. Several parameters and test method are used to measure the properties of these fabrics. Each different set of test parameters...   more »

full text | Pages 46–49

Evaluation of the Bending Properties of Viscose/Polyester Woven Fabrics

Authors: Alamdar-Yazdi A., Shahbazi Zahra

This work investigates the effect of warp and weft density on the bending properties of polyester viscose woven fabrics. 25 lightweight woven fabrics of different densities were produced and evaluated with three methods; KES, extraction, and...   more »

full text | Pages 50–54

The Role of the Textile Layer in the Garment Package in Suppressing Transient Heat Exchange Processes

Authors: Sirvydas-Povilas Algimantas, Nadzeikienė Jüratė, Milašius Rimvydas, Eičinas Juozas, Kerpauskas Paulius

An exchange of various forms of energy between a human and the media surrounding him proceeds continually, and the process preserves this continuous dynamic balance during his life. Thermal energy exchanges occur mainly through the clothes...   more »

full text | Pages 55–58

Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Fabric Parameters on Static Water Absorption in Terry Fabrics

Authors: Karahan Mehmet, Eren Recep

We carried out an experimental investigation to determine the static water absorption properties of terry fabrics. We tested 216 terry fabric samples, woven using 6 warp densities, 4 weft densities, 3 pile height and 3 different...   more »

full text | Pages 59–63

An Experimental Approach on the Performance of Towels Part II. Degree of Hydrophility and Dimensional Variation

Authors: Zervent Belkis, Koç Erdem

In this experimental study, the relationship between the towel performance (hydrophility and dimensional variation properties) and selected physical & production parameters such as pile height, aerial density, type of softener etc. was obtained. For this purpose,...   more »

full text | Pages 64–70

A Discrete Probability Model of Forces in Yarns Transported Through the Drawing Zone

Authors: Włodarczyk Bogdan, Kowalski Krzysztof

A simulation of forces acting in model-yarns transported through the drawing zone was carried out. The model is characterised by two random variables: the length of a yarn segment (link) and the yarn’s drawing rigidity. The...   more »

full text | Pages 71–75

Magnetoelectric Driving Device for Displacements of a Guide Needle Bar in a Weaving Loom

Authors: Kossowski Zbigniew, Kopias Kazimierz

The design and the working principles of a magnetoelectric actuator are presented. The designing principle is described, and the technical conditions required by an actuator are emphasised. A magnetoelectric actuator was designed and constructed on this...   more »

full text | Pages 76–78

Optimisation of Production Costs and Fabric Quality

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Penava Željko, Oljača Mladen

The influence of the quality characteristics of yarn on the optimum manufacture of fabrics was analysed. Based on yarn properties, an optimal size pick-up which would yield satisfactory fabric quality and optimal yarn breaks on the...   more »

full text | Pages 79–84

The Comparison of the Kinetics of Hydrolysis of Some Reactive Dyes Before and After Purification

Authors: Ðorðević Dejana, Cerkovnik Janez, Gorenšek Marija

A dimethylformamide-tetrachloroethylene (DMF/TCE) solvent-nonsolvent mixture was used for the purification of monochloro-s-triazine, monofluoro-s-triazine and bis (monofluoro-s-triazine) reactive dyes. The question is important for dye-house practise in the textile industry, when using reactive dyes for dyeing cotton...   more »

full text | Pages 85–88

Oxygen Delignification of High-kappa Number Pine Kraft Pulp

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

The possibility of producing easy bleachable pulp (kappa number < 16) from high kappa number (68) pine kraft pulp through its oxygen delignification has been studied. The effect of the application of peroxy compounds in the...   more »

full text | Pages 89–93


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Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh