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Issue 6 (89) / 2011

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Images of Internationalisation – from the Evidence of Spanish, Polish and Ukrainian Textile and Clothing Enterprises

Authors: Patora-Wysocka Zofia

Strong competition from the Far East and the expiration of the Multi Fibre Arrangement (MFA) have led to the restructuring of the European textile and clothing industry. The relative stabilisation of textile and...   more »

full text | Pages 8–11

Research into the Effect of Corporate Culture on Operational Efficiency in the Turkish Ready to Wear Industry

Authors: Dal Vedat, Öz Ceviz Nuray

Corporate culture, which is acknowledged as a company’s identity, has started to gain more importance with the developments in recent years. The main reason for a company forming a genuine culture is...   more »

full text | Pages 12–16

Research and development

Composites Based on Poly-e-Caprolactone and Calcium Alginate Fibres Containing Ceramic Nanoadditives for Use in Regenerative Medicine

Authors: Boguń Maciej, Stodolak Ewa, Menaszek Elżbieta, Menaszek Elżbieta, Ścisłowska-Czarnecka Anna

The aim of the present work was to develop new composite materials based on two biocompatible  polymers (sodium alginate and polycaprolactone) intended for use in the treatment of bone tissue defects. Tests carried out...   more »

full text | Pages 17–21

Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Elasticity of Textured, Heat Set and Mechanical Strained Polylactide Multifilaments

Authors: Manich A. M. , Carilla J., Miguel R. A. L., Baena B., Lucas J., Martí M., Cayuela D.

Industrially textured PLA multifilaments were heat set under different conditions at 110 ºC  for 1 min and subjected to one cycle of deformation up to 20%. Thermal transitions of the original textured, heat set...   more »

full text | Pages 22–27

Investigation of the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Fine Polyester/Viscose-Elastic Composite Rotor-Spun Yarn

Authors: Namiranian Rostam, Etrati Seyed Mohammad, Najar Saeed Shaikhzadeh

The aim of this paper was to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of fine  Polyester/Viscose-Elastic Composite Rotor-Spun Yarn. Yarn samples with different values of the draw ratio and twist factor as well as...   more »

full text | Pages 28–32

Study on the Relationships Between Fibre Displacement and Strain by the Finite Element Method

Authors: Xu Bojun , Zhu Ye, Liu Xinjin

 The aim of this study was to establish a mathematical model of the relationship between fiber displacement and strain in the twisting process; the cross-section of yarn was taken at random. Based on the...   more »

full text | Pages 34–37

Effect of Blend Ratio on the Quality Characteristics of Bamboo/Cotton Blended Ring Spun Yarn

Authors: Prakash C., Ramakrishnan G., Koushik C. V.

The present study reveals a comparison of the physical properties of three sets of bamboo/cotton blended yarns of linear density 19.68, 14.76 and 11.81tex with those of 100% cotton yarn. Each set...   more »

full text | Pages 38–40

Comparative Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Yarns with Superelastic Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) Wires Embedded

Authors: Vasile Simona, Githaiga John, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza

Fabrics made of natural fibers like cotton, flax, and their blends present elevated wearing comfort, but they are unfortunately subject to creasing. Attempts made to improve the wrinkle recovery of flax fabrics...   more »

full text | Pages 41–46

Effect of Fabric Weave and Weft Types on the Characteristics of Bamboo/Cotton Woven Fabrics

Authors: Sekerden Filiz

 This paper presents a study of some physical and mechanical properties of bamboo, cotton  and bamboo/cotton woven fabrics that are commonly used in the textile industry. 4 different weave type fabrics were produced under...   more »

full text | Pages 47–52

Machine Vision Analysis for Textile Texture Identification

Authors: Kandi Saeideh Gorji

Texture identification and matching a sample fabric within a known collection of produced fabrics is a time-consuming and difficult process as a human activity. In this study, a computational method for textile...   more »

full text | Pages 53–57

Investigation of Drying Phenomenon of Terry Woven Fabricsn

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Velickiene Asta

The paper presents an investigation of the drying ability of terry fabrics with respect to pile height and finishing. The terry fabrics used in the experimental work were made from linen/cotton yarns,...   more »

full text | Pages 58–63

Investigation on the Dynamic Water Absorption of Double-Layered Weft Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Bivainyte Asta, Mikučioniené Daiva

Investigations on the dynamic absorption processes of double-layered knitted fabrics enabled to anticipate the fabric’s ability to absorb humidity, transmit it to the next layer and evaporate to the environment, as well...   more »

full text | Pages 64–70

Influence of the Number of Yarns in a Loop on the Flammability of Knits

Authors: Mikučioniené Daiva, Baltušnikaite Julija, Milašius Rimvydas

 Investigations of the influence of knitted fabric structure on garment flammability, i.e. the number of yarns in a loop and comparison of the results with those of a multilayer packet are presented in this paper....   more »

full text | Pages 71–74

Optimisation of the Knitting Process on Warp-Knitting Machines in the Aspect of the Properties of Modified Threads and the Vibration Frequency of the Feeding System!

Authors: Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

 Important factors determining the behaviour of the knitting process on warp knitting machines are the mechanical properties of warp threads. This is caused by the variety of the properties of threads, ranging from “rigid”...   more »

full text | Pages 75–79

Knitted Geotextiles for Road Reinforcement

Authors: Kopias Kazimierz, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew, Kowalski Krzysztof

In this article geotextiles knitted in the form of 3D products composed of knitted bands joined at points to form a cellular net-like confi guration are proposed for the reinforcement of roads. As yet,...   more »

full text | Pages 80–82

Nanocoat Finishing of Polyester/Cotton Fabrics by the Sol-Gel Method to Improve their Wear Resistance

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Kowalczyk Dorota , Borak Beata, Jasiorski Marek, Tracz Adam

A serious drawback of the commonly used textiles of polyester/cotton fibres blends (PET/CO), especially those containing worse cotton brands, is their great susceptibility to form pilling, which adversely affects their performance durability...   more »

full text | Pages 83–88

Textile Transmission Lines in the Modern Textronic Clothes

Authors: Leśnikowski Jacek

 This article describes textile transmission lines, one of the important elements of modern textronic clothing. The paper describes the classification of these lines with regard to the application area and discusses the basic electrical...   more »

full text | Pages 89–93

Relative Thermal Comfort Index as a Measure of the Usefulness of Fabrics for Winter Clothing Manufacturing

Authors: Matusiak Małgorzata, Sikorski Krzysztof


The paper presents a continuation of work on determining an index of thermal comfort. A Relative Thermal Comfort Index (RTCI) has been elaborated for fabrics designed for winter...   more »

full text | Pages 94–100

Evaluating the Moisture Transfer Property of the Multi-layered Fabric System in Firefighter Turnout Clothing

Authors: Wang Yun-yi, Zong Yijing, Li Jun, Li Jun, Zhao Meng-Meng

 The multi-layered fabric system used on firefighter turnout clothing consists of an outer shell, moisture barrier, thermal barrier and comfort lining. Heat and moisture transfer property requirements in firefighter turnout clothing standards are different...   more »

full text | Pages 101–105

Optimisation of Thermal Conditions in a Composite Wet Diving Suit

Authors: Korycki Ryszard

The main goal was to optimise the thermal conditions within a diving suit and improve the user’s comfort. The wet diving suit consisted of (i) an external neoprene layer with air bubbles as additional insulation,...   more »

full text | Pages 106–111

Solvent Assisted Low Temperature Dyeing. Part I: Results for Mohair (Angora Goat) Fibres

Authors: Atav Riza, Yurdakul Abbas

It is generally known that mohair tends to lose its luster when dyed for prolonged periods at the boil, and to preserve its luster it is generally necessary to use short dyeing...   more »

full text | Pages 112–117

Fibrous Composites Based on Keratin from Chicken Feathers

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Marcinkowska Marzanna, Niekraszewicz Antoni, Potocka Dorota Anna, Mik Tomasz, Pałczyńska Michalina

A new unique technology is presented, developed for manufacturing fibrous composites based on keratin from chicken feathers, with a content up to 70%. The technology was developed in order to obtain composites...   more »

full text | Pages 118–123

General Information


FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14,
fax (48-42) 637-65-01
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl

ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-00 , fax (48-42) 637-65-01 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh