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Issue 3 (86) / 2011

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Status of Textile and Clothing Imports and Exports in Turkey

Authors: Sekerden Filiz

The textile industry is a sector which has an important place in Turkey’s economy. In this paper, import and export figures of Turkish textiles between 2004 and 2008, as well as their global status are examined....   more »

full text | Pages 7–9

Prediction of Turkey’s Denim Trousers Export Using Artificial Neural Networks and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model

Authors: Özbek Ahmet, Akalin Mehmet, Topuz Vedat, Sennaroglun Bahar

In this study, Turkey’s denim trouser export was predicted using ANN and ARIMA models. ANN models were composed from the import of denim trousers, the minimum wage, the price of cotton, electricity, and water, the value...   more »

full text | Pages 10–16

Research and development

Mechanical Properties of Ring-spun Yarn and Its Strength Prediction Model

Authors: Zhang Hong-Wei, Guo Xue-Feng, Li Yong-Lan

In this paper, the structural and mechanical properties of ring-spun yarn were studied comprehensively. Relationships between yarn count, yarn twist, and relative yarn structural and mechanical properties were obtained. Through statistical analyses of 200 pure cotton...   more »

full text | Pages 17–20

Optimizing Spinning Variables to Reduce the Hairiness of Rotor Yarns Produced from Waste Fibres Collected from the Ginning Process

Authors: Hasani Hossein, Tabatabaei Somayeh Akhavan

In this paper, various variables of the rotor spinning system were optimised to produce cotton yarn from ginning waste with the lowest hairiness level. Using the Taguchi method, the effect of rotor parameters (diameter and speed),...   more »

full text | Pages 21–25

Investigation on the Unevenness, Tenacity and Elongation Properties of Bamboo/Cotton Blended Yarns

Authors: Sekerden Filiz

This study investigated the effect of bamboo fiber, which has recently begun to be commonly used in textiles, on the performance properties of yarn. The present study used 100% bamboo yarn of 19.68 tex, which was...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Modelling of the Parameters of Air-Flow in Pneumatic Nozzles for Linking Staple and Filament Yarns. Part I. Determining of the Volume Flow and Local Speeds of Air-Flow

Authors: Dopierała Halina, Radom Czesław, Swaczyna Paweł, Zawadzki Leszek

This article presents the results of different solutions of pneumatic nozzles for linking yarns manufactured from staple and filament fibres. The research focused on determining the influence of the construction design of pneumatic nozzles on forming...   more »

full text | Pages 30–36

Neural Network Classification of the Unknotted Joints of Yarn Ends

Authors: Lewandowski Stanisław

The artificial neural network elaborated in this research enabled to recognise and multicriterially classify the unknotted joints of yarn ends. Worsted weaving woollen yarn with a linear mass of 15 tex was used as an example....   more »

full text | Pages 37–43

Effect of Raw Material on the Geometrical Properties of Fabrics

Authors: Adomaitienė Aušra, Lazarevičiute Laura, Kumpikaitė Eglė

It was discovered in the process of manufacturing that the parameters of a fabric structure change after taking it away from the weaving loom and its stabilisation. This is probably due to the geometry of the...   more »

full text | Pages 44–47

Modelling of a Tachogram of Machine Sewing Process

Authors: Rybicki Marian

The configuration of a tachogram of the machine sewing process is described using a polygonal curve. It is stated that the efficiency of a tachogram with its configuration established is determined using the following: values of...   more »

full text | Pages 48–54

Surface Roughness Measurement of Weft Knitted Fabrics Using Image Processing

Authors: Semnani Dariush, Hasani Hossein, Behtaj S., Ghorbani E.

This paper focuses on measuring the roughness of knitted fabrics using a non-contact method. Research on objectifying the handle of textile fabrics is a very important factor in textile and garment manufacturing and retailing industries. Fabric...   more »

full text | Pages 55–59

Static Water Absorption of Knits from Natural and Textured Yarns

Authors: Abramavičiūtė Jovita , Mikučioniené Daiva, Čiukas Ricardas

This study is a continuation of an experimental investigation to determine one of the comfort properties – static water absorption. The influence of knits from natural yarns and yarns plated with stretch thread on static water...   more »

full text | Pages 60–63

Investigation of the Thermal Properties of Socks Knitted from Yarns with Peculiar Properties. Part II: Thermal Resistance of Socks Knitted from Natural and Stretch Yarns

Authors: Čiukas Ricardas, Abramavičiūtė Jovita , Kerpauskas Paulius

This study is a continuation of experimental analyses to determine the thermal properties of socks. The influence of yarns from the different natural fibres of socks on the thermal conductivity coefficient of plain knits and plated...   more »

full text | Pages 64–68

Investigation on the Air and Water Vapour Permeability of Double-Layered Weft Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Bivainyte Asta, Mikučioniené Daiva

During the investigation, double-layered weft knitted fabrics for leisure sports were designed with physiological and thermal comfort in mind. Physiological comfort is determined by the state of the organism during physical activity, and thermal comfort is...   more »

full text | Pages 69–73

Using Ultraviolet Radiation for the Bleaching and Pilling Reduction of Knitted Cotton Fabric

Authors: Mansuri A. H., Khoddami A., Rezaei Do A.

The possibility of the simultaneous bleaching and anti-pilling of cotton fabric using UV radiation on hydrogen peroxide impregnated knitted samples was studied. The effect of a photoinitiator or sensitiser, sodium hydroxide as an activator, sodium silicate...   more »

full text | Pages 74–77

Investigation of the Water Vapour Transfer Properties of Textile Laminates for Footwear Linings

Authors: Gulbiniene Ada, Jankauskaite Virginija, Kondratas Alvydas

Textile laminates with breathable membranes are used extensively in waterproof clothing items such as jackets, footwear and gloves. The polymer membranes act as a barrier to liquid water and soil entry from the environment, but they...   more »

full text | Pages 78–81

Study on the Modification of PP Nonwoven Fabric

Authors: Huang Kuo-Shien, Lian Huey-Shan, Chen Jeong-Bor

This experiment aimed to graft PP nonwoven fabric with a silane coupling agent, then process it with chitosan or AgNO3, next to analyse and test it with related instruments, such as FT-IR, NMR, SEM, EDS, TGA...   more »

full text | Pages 82–87

Research on the Enzymatic Treatment of Wool Fibres and Changes in Selected Properties of Wool

Authors: Kotlińska Anna, Kotlińska Anna, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara

The enzymatic treatment of textiles significantly improves some of their properties as well as increases their aesthetic values and comfort of use. Enzymes can be used in order to develop environmentally friendly processes by reducing the...   more »

full text | Pages 88–93

Dyeing, Fastness, and UV Protection Properties of Silk and Wool Fabrics Dyed with Eucalyptus Leaf Extract by the Exhaustion Process

Authors: Mongkholrattanasit Rattanaphol, Kryštůfek Jiří, Wiener Jakub, Viková Martina

This research was concerned with dye extraction from the leaves of eucalyptus and with the application of this dye for silk and wool fabric dyeing by the exhaustion process. Optimal results were achieved when dyeing at...   more »

full text | Pages 94–99

Sensory Study of Knitted Fabrics that Have Gone Through Washing Cycles with Domestic Softener. Part I: Establishment of a Panel and Assessment Thereof

Authors: Agarwal Gaurav, Koehl Ludovic, Perwuelz Anne, Agarwal Gaurav, Koehl Ludovic, Perwuelz Anne

This study involved the sensory evaluation of knitted textiles which have gone through different domestic laundering treatments with respect to whether their sensory attributes or a combination of different measured sensory attributes can best predict the...   more »

full text | Pages 100–105

Chitosan Coatings to Seal Cardiovascular Prostheses

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Kucharska Magdalena, Kardas Iwona, Wiśniewska-Wrona Maria, Kustosz Roman, Jarosz Adam, Jarosz Adam

Presented herein is a material and method to seal prostheses of specific cardiovascular prostheses - outlet heart canulaes. Microcrystalline chitosan was chosen as the basic constituent for the coating preparation. The coat was deposited by combined...   more »

full text | Pages 106–111


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