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Issue 2 (122) / 2017

Title page       Contents

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Textile and Apparel Industry in Armenia: The Former Potential and the Perspectives for Future Development of the Industry

Authors: Greta Marianna, Lewandowski Krzysztof, Mamikonyan Garnik

The Armenian textile and apparel industry has showed very sharp ups and downs throughout its history. During the Soviet era, it was a leading branch of Armenian industry and a major supplier for the whole Soviet...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1232873
| Pages 10–15

Balancing Offshoring and Agility in the Apparel Industry: Lessons From Benetton and Inditex

Authors: Sartal Antonio, Martínez-Senra Ana I. , García José M.

Based on a case study from the apparel industry, the paper addresses how the organizational innovations adopted by Benetton and Inditex allowed them to balance lower production costs in developing countries with an adequate response time...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228148
| Pages 16–23

Research and development

Comparative Analysis of Knits from Peat Fibre and its Combinations with Other Natural Fibres

Authors: Mikučioniené Daiva, Čepukonė Lina

Natural and man-made fibres of natural origin are more and more widely used, while consideration of sustainability is constantly increasing. The properties and processing behaviour of newly introduced fibres of natural origin are usually compared and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228161
| Pages 24–29

Technique Based on Fuzzy Logic for Cotton Bale Lay-down Management

Authors: Das Subhasis, Ghosh Anindya

In this paper a new technique has been proposed for cotton bale management using fuzzy logic. The fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm has been applied for clustering cotton bales into 5 categories from 1200 randomly chosen bales...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228163
| Pages 30–33

Study on the Friction Sound Properties of Natural-Fiber Woven Fabrics

Authors: Wang Pin-Ning, Ho Ming-Hsiung, Cheng Kou-Bing, Murray Richard, Lin Chun-Hao

An innovative frictional sound automatic measuring system (FSAMS) was designed and used in this study to investigate the frictional sound generated when natural-fibre woven fabrics are rubbed together. Frictional sound measurements made using the automatic FSAMS...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228183
| Pages 34–42

Predicting Specific Stress of Cotton Staple Ring Spun Yarns: Experimental and Theoretical Results

Authors: Zubair Muhammad, Neckář T. Bohuslav, Malik Zilfiqar Ali

The aim of this research is to predict the yarn specific stress from fiber specific stress and fiber stress utilisation. In this paper a new approach is introduced to predict the specific stress-strain curves of cotton carded and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228166
| Pages 43–47

Effect of Blend Ratio on the Quality Characteristics of Recycled Polyester/Cotton Blended Ring Spun Yarn

Authors: Vadicherla Thilak, Saravanan Dhandapani

This study investigates the effect of the blend ratio on recycled blended yarn quality characteristics. Ring-spun yarns of linear density of 23.6, 29.5 and 39.4 tex were produced from five blend proportions of recycled polyester and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1227875
| Pages 48–52

Analysis of the Twist Structure in Self-twist Yarn

Authors: Cui Hong, Gao Xiuli, Gao Dawei, Lin Hongqin

This paper mainly discussed the twist structure and property difference between in-phase self-twist yarn and phased self-twist yarn. There are three kinds of zones along the yarn: the twist-twist zone, twist-notwist zone and notwist-notwist zone in...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228168
| Pages 53–56

Packing Properties of Fibres in the Open-Packed Yarn Mode

Authors: Petrulis Donatas, Petrulyte Salvinija

Theoretical observations of the packing properties of non-compressible round fibres for two idealized modifications of the open-packed yarn model are discussed. The modifications differ in the method of arrangement of fibres within the cross-sectional ring layer....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228171
| Pages 57–61

Parameter Description of the Surface Metal Fiber Arrangement of Electromagnetic Shielding Fabric

Authors: Liu Zhe, Su Ying, Pan Zhen, Li Yaping, Wang Xiuchen, Zhou Zhong

The influence of the surface metal fiber (SMF) arrangement on the shielding effectiveness (SE) of electromagnetic shielding fabric (EMSF) is important, but there is no reasonable description method for it at present, making the further exploration...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228174
| Pages 62–67

Thickness Optimisation of Sealed Seams in Respect of Insulating Properties

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Szafrańska Halina

The main goal is to determine the optimal thickness of material layers in seams in respect of their insulating properties. The impact of structure on heat insulation and moisture resistance is also described. The insulation was...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228185
| Pages 68–75

Effects of Layer Thickness and Thermal Bonding on Car Seat Cover Development

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Domjanić Jacqueline, Pačavar Samir

In this work, composite materials for car seat covers composed of woven fabric + polyurethane foam (PU) + knitted fabric were tested by separation of components of the composite force, which are thermally connected with three...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228186
| Pages 76–82

Effect of a Superabsorbent for the Improvement of Car Seat Thermal Comfort

Authors: Mazari Funda Buyuk, Mazari Adnan Ahmed, Havelka Antonin, Wiener Jakub

The use of super absorbent polymers (SAP) for moisture absorption and comfort is still unexplored. The aim of this work was to observe the application of super absorbent fibres in car seats for comfort purposes. In...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228187
| Pages 83–87

Stability of the Performance and Safety of the Ballistic Body Protections Used in Humanitarian Demining

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Zielińska Dorota, Miklas Michał, Grabowska Grażyna, Błaszczyk Joanna, Kucińska-Król Iwona, Solińska Elżbieta

This paper focused on analysing actual state-of-the-art personal protective equipment (PPE) used in humanitarian demining for the determination of potential gaps to provide improvements to increase the safety and, simultaneously, performance of PPE. The essential requirements...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228188
| Pages 88–92

Selection of an Optimal Network-Ranking Model to Achieve the Optimal Production Line Value Chain: a Case Study in the Textile Industry

Authors: Aboumasoudi Abbas Sheikh

Fulfilling needs and organisational resources with the least cost and highest quality is the main reason to achieve the optimal value chain. Application of most of the current techniques has merely been intended to choose the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228158
| Pages 93–99

Concept Evaluation of Predicting UPF Values for Artificial Cellulose Fabrics by Varying the Optical Brightener Chemical Structure Applied

Authors: Alvarez Joanna, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara

The publication presents investigation results and statistical analysis showing that by varying the chemical structure of optical brighteners from the derivative group of stilbene used for fabrics of artificial cellulose fibre modification, resulting in a different...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228178
| Pages 100–105

Non-contact Method for Measurement of Colour Variation in a Cotton Sample

Authors: Vik Michal, Khan Nayab, Yildirim Bekir, Viková Martina

Colour is the visual perceptual property in the cotton grade classification of Universal Cotton Standards. We undertook an experimental study on the variation in cotton colour using the Non-contact method. Rd (degree of reflectance) and +b...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228180
| Pages 106–111

Antimicrobial Characteristics of Pulsed Laser Deposited Metal Oxides on Polypropylene Hydroentangled Nonwovens for Medical Textiles

Authors: Ramamurthy Pasupathy, Chellamani Kandan Perumal, Dhurai Bhaarathi, ThankaRajan Senthil Perumal, Subramanian Balasubramanian, Santhini Elango

In this study, an attempt was made to investigate the antimicrobial activity on polypropylene (PP) hydroentangled nonwoven fabrics coated with transition metal oxides. After etching the nonwoven fabrics with RF plasma, nano-scale coatings of ZnO and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228192
| Pages 112–119

Study on Frictional Characteristics of Medical Wipes in Contact with Mechanical Skin Equivalents

Authors: Ramamurthy Pasupathy, Chellamani Kandan Perumal, Dhurai Bhaarathi, Subramaniam Venkatraman

The optimum surface and frictional properties of textiles depend on theirspecific application. In this study, we examined the frictional behaviour of medical wipes against 15 mechanical near skin equivalents using synthetic leather material and bovine leather. The frictional...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1232874
| Pages 120–127

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT