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Issue 6 (54) / 2005

Title page       Contents

Research and development

Chitosan Medical Dressings

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni

Biopolymer chitosan manifests properties that open up a wide span of applications in many sectors, mainly medicine. Examples are presented of well-known uses of chitosan in medical dressings, including haemostatic preparations. On the basis of this...   more »

full text | Pages 16–18

Formation of Fibres from Bio-modified Cellulose Pulp

Authors: Ciechańska Danuta, Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Kazimierczak Janusz, Struszczyk Henryk

A process to produce fibres from bio-modified cellulose pulp has been developed. The spinning process was investigated on a large laboratory scale. Alkaline spinning solutions were first prepared from enzyme-processed cellulose, followed by wet spinning. In...   more »

full text | Pages 19–23

Anti-mite Modified Polypropylene Fibres and Bedding Inserts Containing Such Fibres

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Lebioda Jolanta, Hoffman Jerzy, Ruszkowski Kazimierz, Struszczyk Henryk

Research has been conducted in the Institute of Chemical Fibres with the aim of preparing synthetic fibres which can inhibit the growth of house dust mites thus limiting or eliminating a cause of allergy. The physical-mechanical...   more »

full text | Pages 24–27

Products of Caddis-fly Larvae (Trichoptera) Silk Glands as a New Natural Textile Fibre

Authors: Michalak Marina, Tszydel Mariusz, Bilska Jadwiga, Krucińska Izabella

Among the invertebrates, some insects are able to produce natural silk fibres which can serve as an alternative to the threads of the spider’s web. The larvae of the caddis-fly make use of a multifunctional silky...   more »

full text | Pages 28–32

Modification of PA 6 by Comonomers and Layered Silicate

Authors: Kristofič Michal, Karabcová Natalia, Alexy P., Ryba Jozef, Vassová Iveta

This paper deals with the synthesis of modifiers consisting of co-polyamide with clay prepared from co-monomers, namely from ε-caprolactam (CL) and nylon salt (NS) from adipic acid + diethylenetriamine (ADETA), and montmorillonite (MMT). We present a...   more »

full text | Pages 33–35

Wet Spinning of Dibutyrylchitin Fibres from Ethanol Solution

Authors: Błasińska Anna, Mikołajczyk Teresa

The possibility of obtaining dibutyrylchitin porous fibres with a sufficiently high tensile strength for textile medical application by using the wet spinning method, was evaluated. Ethyl alcohol as a solvent for the polymer and as a...   more »

full text | Pages 36–40

Aromachology and its Application in the Textile Field

Authors: Wang C. X., Chen Sh. L.

A research attempt at obtaining aromatherapic textiles which we carried out is presented, together with the broad background of research into aromachology investigation. We developed aromatherapic textiles using the fragrance with β-cyclodextrin inclusion compounds. The sedative...   more »

full text | Pages 41–44

The Application of Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogels to Textiles: A Review of Chinese and Japanese Investigations

Authors: Liu Baohua, Hu Jinlian

Scientists have made many attempts to develop smart textiles by grafting the copolymerisation of environment-responsive polymers (ERP) onto the surface of fabrics. Among the ERPs used for this purpose, poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAAm) has attracted considerable attention...   more »

full text | Pages 45–49

Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Processed Coated Textiles

Authors: Połowiński Stefan

A polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer technique for textiles has been examined. A nonwoven polypropylene fabric was grafted with acrylic acid, and films from poly(allylamine hydrochloride) PAH and poly(acrylic acid) PAA were deposited using the layer-by-layer procedure. It was...   more »

full text | Pages 50–52

Structure and Properties of Microporous Polyurethane Membranes Designed for Textile-Polymeric Composite Systems

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Malinowska Grażyna, Nowak Teresa, Schmidt Hubert, Marcinkowska Danuta, Kaleta Agnieszka

The paper presents the results of tests on the structure, basic functional properties and physiological comfort of microporous polyurethane membranes designed for internal barrier layers of textile-polymeric composite systems with various characteristics and practical applications....   more »

full text | Pages 53–58

A Kinetic Model of Decoloration of Water Solution of Anthraquinone Dye Initiated by Generality Hydroxyl Radicals

Authors: Perkowski Jan, Kos Lech, Żyłła Renata, Ledakowicz Stanisław

A kinetic model of the decoloration process based on the example of a water solution of the anthraquinone dye Acid Blue 62 was proposed. The importance of decoloring water solutions for the textile industry is emphasised....   more »

full text | Pages 59–64

Dye Migration Influences on Colour Characteristics of Wool Fabric Dyed with Acid Dye

Authors: Musnickas Juozas, Rupainutė V., Treigiené R., Ragelienë Lina

The influence of non-ionic auxiliaries on absorption of the acid milling CI Acid Blue 80 dye on wool fibre and on the colour changes of dyed fabric has been investigated. The kinetics of dye absorption and...   more »

full text | Pages 65–69

Photo-stability of Acid Dyes, Derivatives of
1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-one in Polyamide Fibers

Authors: Blus Kazimierz

We have examined the photo-stability of acid dyes, derivatives of 1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-one, in polyamide fibres, including the relationship between the dye’s structure and photo-stability. The part played by the substituents in diazo components was assessed, especially those...   more »

full text | Pages 70–74

Reactive Dyes for Single-Bath and Single-Stage Dyeing of Polyester-Cellulose Blends

Authors: Blus Kazimierz, Paluszkiewicz Joanna, Czajkowski Wojciech (Wiesław)

Cellulose fibres were dyed with selected dyes containing 3’-carboxypirydyno-triazine reactive systems. The dyeing processes were carried out at a temperature of 130 oC in phosphate buffers within a pH range of 6-8. It was found that...   more »

full text | Pages 75–78

Transfer of Ink-jet Printed Textiles for Home Furnishing into Production with Rotary Screen Printing Method

Authors: Mikuž Mašenka, Šostar-Turk Sonja, Pogačar Vojko

In this work, a collection of decorative textiles for home furnishing was designed on a CAD CAM system, printed with an ink-jet printer, and transferred into production using rotary screen printing. The basic materials used were...   more »

full text | Pages 79–84

The Arrases of Wawel, the Polish Royal Castle in Krakow

Authors: Holc Jerzy, Włochowicz Andrzej

The unusual, but well-documented history of the unique tapestry collection of the ‘Arrases of Wawel’, the Polish kings’ castle in Krakow, is briefly presented and its cultural importance emphasised. The problems of maintaining, preserving and restoring...   more »

full text | Pages 85–87


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Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT