Where you are: Home pageYear 2019Issue 1 (133)

Issue 1 (133) / 2019

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Polymers as a Chance for the Active Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities

Authors: Kobus-Ostrowska Dorota

The purpose of this article is to show the importance of polymers in the rehabilitation of people with disabilities. The article takes into account medical, sociological and economic aspects of the issue under study. It turns out that...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7501
| Pages 8–11

Research and development

Water Vapor Permeability through PAN Nanofiber Mat with Varying Membrane-Like Areas

Authors: Sabantina Lilia , Sabantina Lilia , Hes Lubos, Mirasol José Rodríguez , Cordero Tomás , Ehrmann Andrea

Electrospinning can be used to create nanofiber mats from diverse polymers which can be used as filters etc. Depending on the spinning parameters, also nano-membranes, i.e. non-fibrous mats, can be produced as well as mixtures from both morphologies....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7502
| Pages 12–15

Lamination of Nanofibre Layers for Clothing Applications

Authors: Knížek Roman, Karhánková Denisa , Bajzik Vladimir, Jirsak Oldrich

Nanofibre membranes and nanofibre products represent break-through technology in many fields of industry. They are used for air or liquid filtration, and their unique properties are suitable for many new health products or when manufacturing clothes etc. Their...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7503
| Pages 16–21

Experimental Investigation of the Relationship Between the Yarn Tension and Bobbin Diameter in the Warping Process

Authors: Celik Ozge , Eren Recep

Yarns of different types are unwound from bobbins in different processes like warping, weaving, doubling and re-winding. A change in yarn tension from a full to empty bobbin causes serious product quality and machine efficiency problems in processes...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7504
| Pages 23–31

Comparison of Moisture Management Properties of Plasma Treated Single Jersey Fabric with Different Types of Polyester Yarns

Authors: Thangavelu Vidya , Chidambaram Prakash

In this study, the moisture management properties of plasma treated single jersey knitted fabric with different types of polyester yarns: spun polyester, continuous filament yarn and micro denier yarn with different linear densities were analysed and investigated. The...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7505
| Pages 32–36

Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Biaxial and Triaxial Fabric and Composites Reinforced by Them

Authors: Barburski Marcin, Urbaniak Mariusz , Samal Sanjeeb Kumar

In this article, the mechanical properties of biaxial and triaxial woven aramid fabric and respective reinforced composites were investigated. Both fabrics had the same mass/m2. The first part of the experimental investigation was focused on the mechanical properties...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7506
| Pages 37–44

Geometrical Analysis of 3D Integrated Woven Fabric Reinforced Core Sandwich Composites

Authors: Jabbar Abdul , Karahan Mehmet, Zubair Muhammad, Karahan Nevin

The variability of the internal geometry parameters, such as the waviness of yarns, cross sections of yarns and local fibre volume fraction of 3-dimensional (3D) integrated woven core sandwich composites affects their mechanical properties. The objective of this...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7507
| Pages 45–50

Development of Methods to Improve the Mechanical Performance of Coated Grid-Like Non-Crimp Fabrics for Construction Applications

Authors: Hahn Lars, Rittner Steffen, Nuss Dominik , Ashir Moniruddoza, Cherif Chokri

This paper presents investigations aiming to improve the impregnation of a coating agent and thus increase the mechanical performance of geogrids, especially grid-like non-crimp fabrics (NCF) consisting of carbon fiber heavy tows (CFHT). The squeezing process is industry standard,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7508
| Pages 51–58

Investigation into Fabric Spirality in Various Knitted Fabrics and Its Effect on Efficiency in Apparel Manufacturing

Authors: Kalkanci Mihriban

The present study aimed to comparatively determine fabric spirality in single jersey knitted fabrics manufactured from different fibers and fiber blends under the same conditions as well as its effect on the efficiency of apparel manufacturing. To that...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7509
| Pages 59–66

Fabric Defect Detection and Classifier via Multi-Scale Dictionary Learning and an Adaptive Differential Evolution Optimized Regularization Extreme Learning Machine

Authors: Zhou Zhiyu, Wang Chao, Gao Xu, Zhu Zefei, Hu Xudong, Zheng Xiao, Jiang Likai

To develop an automatic detection and classifier model for fabric defects, a novel detection and classifier technique based on multi-scale dictionary learning and the adaptive differential evolution algorithm optimised regularisation extreme learning machine (ADE-RELM) is proposed. Firstly in order...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7510
| Pages 67–77

Textile Cover Effect on Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Paraglider Wing

Authors: Maślanka Paulina , Korycki Ryszard

Defined herein are the two PA-fabrics covering a paraglider wing, with the comparative object being permeable clothing material. The material parameters of textiles are applied in numerical simulations of aerodynamic characteristics using the program ANSYS. The state variable is...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0011.7511
| Pages 78–83

Ballistic Behaviour of PACVD-Modified Textiles

Authors: Landwijt Marcin, Struszczyk Marcin H., Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława, Puszkarz Adam K., Wilbik-Hałgas Bożena, Cichecka Magdalena, Krucińska Izabella

A comprehensive study was performed using the Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition (PACVD) modification of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibrous composites and paramid fabrics with the deposition of fluoro-or silane-like-polymer onto their surface. Research on the resistance to...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7512
| Pages 85–90

Impact of Repeated Home Laundering on the Cyclic Deformation Performance of Elastane Knitted Sportswear Fabrics

Authors: Sülar Vildan, Oner Eren

After washing cycles, textiles having minimum deformation, maximum dimensional stability and the same performance of an unused product are major expectations of customers. This study examined the effects of washing cycles on the cyclic deformation of elastane knitted fabrics...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7513
| Pages 91–99

Biodegradation Behaviour of Different Textile Fibres: Visual, Morphological, Structural Properties and Soil Analyses

Authors: Sülar Vildan, Devrim Gökberk

The biodegradation of fabrics of various types of fibres: cotton (CO), viscose (CV), Modal (CMD), Tencel (CLY), polylactic acid (PLA), polyethylene teraphtalate (PET) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN)) under the attack of microorganisms were studied using the soil burial method for...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7751
| Pages 100–111

Bleached Kraft Pulps from Blends of Wood and Hemp. Part I. Demand for Alkali, Yield of Pulps, Their Fractional Composition and Fibre Properties

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

In the paper, results of the kraft pulping of blends of birch or pine with hemp stalks or a hemp-woody core composed of 80% wood and 20% hemp fibrous raw materials are presented. The unbleached kraft pulps produced...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7514
| Pages 112–117

Study of Ionic Liquids UV-VIS and FTIR Spectra before and after Heating and Spruce Groundwood Dissolution

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Kmiotek Magdalena , Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

The absorption of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and acetate taken from commercial packaging was studied by means of UV-VIS and infrared spectroscopy with some differences observed. Further research showed that heating both 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and acetate alone, as well as in...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.7515
| Pages 118–123


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT