Where you are: Home pageYear 2012Issue (96) → Article:
AAA     ENG | POL

Mats for Removing Technical Oil Contamination

Research and development

Authors:

  • Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna
    Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres, Łódź, Poland
  • Marchut-Mikołajczyk Olga
    Institute of Technical Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Lodz University of Technology, Łódź, Poland
  • Mik Tomasz
    Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres, Łódź, Poland
  • Wieczorek Dorota
    Institute of Technical Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Lodz University of Technology, Łódź, Poland
  • Pałczyńska Michalina
    Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres, Łódź, Poland

Download... PDF
Full text

Abstract:

The aim of the investigation was to design and prepare a fibrous mat containing chicken feathers as an active filling to absorb spills of petroleum derivatives. The fibrous mat used to remove petroleum contamination consists of an active layer from chicken feathers (the main waste from poultry plants), placed between two layers of hydrophobic material of PP or PES in the form of nonwovens. The mata designed are characterised by excellent sorption of a wide range of hydrophobic petroleum substances, selectivity (sorption of liquid immiscible with water) and subdivision even at the highest saturation of the mat. Oil binder mats based on chicken feathers have been found to be highly effective in absorbing spilled oil from water surface. The material can be used, directly on a water surface regardless of weather conditions, as well as on other surfaces such as concrete or asphalt to fight leakages of oily substances. The mats are light, easy to store and use, and inexpensive. Apart from sorptive proprieties of the mats designed, the possibility of biological utilisation of petroleum contamination by means of a bioremediation method was introduced in the article.

Tags:

mat, chicken feather, oil spills, bioremediation.

Citation:

Wrześniewska-Tosik K, Marchut-Mikołajczyk O, Mik T, Wieczorek D, Pałczyńska M. Mats for Removing Technical Oil Contamination.
FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2012; 20, 6B (96): 101-106.

Published in issue no 6B (96) / 2012, pages 101–106.

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES
in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14
tel. (48-42) 638-03-63
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl

EDITORIAL OFFICE
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-14 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Emilia Jaszczurska-Niedźwiedzka, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna Wahl, Typesetting and Printed at Media-Press • Production IBWCh

facebook