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Issue 1 (139) / 2020

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Cut Order Planning Optimisation in the Apparel Industry

Authors: Ünal Can, Yüksel Alime Dere

Nowadays, apparel businesses have to cut down on their costs in order to ensure the continuity of their activities and to expand them. Fabric costs cover about 50-60% of production costs. In this study, for the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5851
| Pages 8–13

Exploring Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in the Clothing Industry: the Case of Polish and British Companies

Authors: Sudolska Agata, Drabkowska-Skarba Marta , Łapińska Justyna , Kądzielawski Grzegorz, Dziuba Radosław

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has captured great attention and importance in recent years, particularly in the clothing industry. Currently, in order to respond to market requirements, clothing companies are increasing their focus on aspects related to...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5852
| Pages 14–19

New Grey Integrated Model to Solve a Machine Selection Problem for a Textile Company

Authors: Ulutaş Alptekin

The textile sector has become an indispensable part of the Turkish economy. The sewing machine is a long-lasting and easy-to-use tool widely used in the garment industry, which is a branch of the textile industry. The sewing machine is an indispensable...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5853
| Pages 20–25

Research and development

Monitoring System for the Formation Process Line of PAN Composite Fibres

Authors: Karbownik Iwona , Rybicki Tomasz

The aim and scope of this work included the design and practical implementation of a digital monitoring system for the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibre spinning process line used for the creation of different PAN based fibres doped with silver (Ag),...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5855
| Pages 26–35

Research on Yarn Diameter and Unevenness Based on an Adaptive Median Filter Denoising Algorithm

Authors: Wang Xiao, Hou Ru-Meng, Gao Xiao-Yan, Xin Bin-Jie

In this paper an adaptive median filtering denoising algorithm is proposed to measure yarn diameter and its unevenness. Images of nine different yarn samples were captured using one set of a self-developed yarn image acquisition system. Image...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5856
| Pages 36–41

Drying Speed Testing of PES Fabric with Defined Moisture Management

Authors: Heinisch Tereza, Tesinova Pavla , Pološčuková Lucie

This paper deals with the evaluation of the moisture management of woven polyester fabric in three basic weaves – plain, twill and satin. It details types of liquid management and evaluates fabric comfort in terms of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5857
| Pages 43–49

Electrostatic Properties of Clothing Fabrics Suitable for Different End-Uses

Authors: Cilveli Gülçin , Okur Ayşe, Sülar Vildan

The static electricity properties of textile products are very important, especially when clothing comfort is the main subject. In this study, four sets of clothing fabrics containing 33 systematic and 18 non-systematic woven fabrics in total were...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5858
| Pages 50–57

Case Study: Measuring the Thermal Insulation of Heated Protective Gloves on a Thermal Hand Model

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Bacciarelli-Ulacha Anna

This paper presents a study on the thermal insulation of commercial protective gloves with passive and active heating systems considering different simulated temperatures (-15 °C, -10 °C, 0 °C and +5 °C). The insulation parameter was determined...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5859
| Pages 58–64

Characteristics of Specialised Firefighter Clothing Used in Poland – the Thermal Parameters

Authors: Młynarczyk Magdalena

This paper describes the characteristic thermal parameters of firefighters’ personal protective clothing (FFPPC) used in Poland. The total thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of three different types of FFPPC were measured and used on a thermal manikin. Next,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5860
| Pages 65–70

Effect of Accelerated Ageing on the Ballistic Resistance of Hybrid Composite Armour with Advanced Ceramics and UHMWPE Fibres

Authors: Fejdyś Marzena, Kucharska-Jastrząbek A., Kośla Katarzyna

The main objective of this complex study was to evaluate the durability of newly developed ballistic inserts designed using ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibres and advanced ceramics (Al2O3 or SiC). The forecasting of changes in the properties of the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.0748
| Pages 71–80

New test method with a Hybrid III Anthropomorphic Dummy for Textile Safety Harnesses

Authors: Baszczyński Krzysztof

A full body harness is a basic component of personal fall arrest equipment. It is made from webbing connected by seams and metal fittings to firmly hold and support the user’s body. The paper proposes a new method for full...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5861
| Pages 81–86

Effect of the Number of Constrictions on the Filtration Behavior of a Soil-Geotextile System

Authors: Miszkowska Anna, Koda Eugeniusz, Krzywosz Zygmunt

Nonwoven geotextile filters have been used in geo-environmental engineering for decades to prevent the movement of base soil fine particles, allowing adequate seepage to flow through the geotextile plane. Most of the design criteria developed for...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5862
| Pages 87–92

Evaluation of the Sorption Phenomena Mechanism of Polyacrylonitrile Fibres for Selected Dyes in the Aspect of Structural Changes Resulting from Thermal Stabilisation Processes

Authors: Marczak Ewa , Marczak Piotr, Sztajnowski Sławomir , Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara

The aim of the research was to analyse the influence of the initial heat treatment of polyacrylonitrile fibres on their sorption properties in relation to selected basic and disperse dyes, in order to select the dyeing variants...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5863
| Pages 93–99

Synthesis of a Decolourising Agent and its Application

Authors: Liu Yuanjun, Yu Yongtao , Du Huanfu , Niu Jiarong , Zhao Xiaoming

A type of cationic decolourising agent was prepared and applied to printing and dyeing wastewater treatment. The effects of the concentration of the decolourising agent, the pH value and stirring speed on decolourisation efficiency were studied. The...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5864
| Pages 100–105

Treatment of Industrial Textile Wastewater in Biological Aerated Filters – Microbial Diversity Analysis

Authors: Paździor Katarzyna , Wrębiak Julita , Ledakowicz Stanisław

Investigated herein was the biodegradation of highly contaminated textile wastewater on a laboratory scale, with biological aerobic filters as a single treatment and in combination with the coagulation/flocculation process. Among the three support materials tested (Intalox saddles, ceramsite...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5865
| Pages 106–114

Biocidal Activity of Selected Preparations for Leather Protection

Authors: Falkiewicz-Dulik Michalina

This research work involved the selection of biocides for the antimicrobial treatment of leathers. The scope of the research work covered microbiological tests of leather samples tanned utilising the same technology, with microbiological treatment made using 9...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5866
| Pages 115–122

Composite Nonwovens with Natural Additives

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Mik Tomasz, Wesołowska Ewa, Montes Sarah , Kowalewski Tomasz, Kudra Michał

Various methods of nonwoven composite materials manufacturing are known. One such method is the well-known technique called spun-bonding. The production technology for composite nonwoven by the spun-bond method is known, but the technique of introducing an additive...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.5867
| Pages 123–129


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT