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Predicting the Relaxation Modulus for the Study of the Delayed Behaviour of Kenaf Fibres in Stress Relaxation

Research and development


  • Saïdjo
    University of Ngaoundere, University Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Simulations and Testings, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  • Ntenga Richard (j/w)
  • Mfoumou Etienne
    Nova Scotia Community College, Applied Research & Innovation, Dartmouth, Canada
  • Beda Tibi
    University of Ngaoundere, Faculty of Sciences, Materials and Photonics, Laboratory of Mechanics, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  • Beakou Alexis
    Institut Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France

Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0014.7783

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Plant fibres (PFs) are preferred reinforcements of bio-composites. Knowledge of their lifespan requires a study of their viscoelastic behaviour. In this paper, a stress relaxation analysis of kenaf fibres was performed at a constant rate of deformation at room temperature. A method for extracting the relaxation modulus in the deferred zone was proposed. This method was compared, using simulation, with the Zapas-Phillips method and experimental data via three predictive models: the stretched exponential function or KWW, the inverse power law of Nutting and the prony series. The results indicate that the relaxation modulus obtained by the method proposed is in good agreement with the experimental modulus. In addition, the estimated error is of the same order of magnitude as in the case of the Zapas-Phillips method. The parameters estimated from the KWW function (β = 0.4) and prony series model showed an important contribution in the study of the delayed response of kenaf fibres. These results can have a significant impact on the use of kenaf fibres in midterm and long-term loading applications.


kenaf fibres, relaxation test, relaxation modulus, predictive model, delayed behavior.


Saïdjo, Ntenga R, Mfoumou E, Beda T, Beakou A. Predicting the Relaxation Modulus for the Study of the Delayed Behaviour of Kenaf Fibres in Stress Relaxation. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe  2021; 29, 3(147): 19-25. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0014.7783

Published in issue no 3 (147) / 2021, pages 19–25.


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT