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Physicochemical Assessment of the Biodegradability of Agricultural Nonwovens Made of PLA

Research and development

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Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0014.2398

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Abstract:

Compostable biodegradable plastics are an ecological alternative to traditional products based on petroleum derivatives, whose post-use waste may pollute the natural environment. Modern polymer materials show the functional properties of plastics obtained by conventional methods, but they also may be degraded as a result of biochemical transformations in composting. This allows such materials to be included in the scheme of the currently implemented circular economy, which does not generate post-consumer waste. This paper presents  methods for the assessment of the biodegradation process of selected agricultural nonwovens produced from commercial PLA 6252D polylactide, supplied by Nature Works® LLC, USA. The agricultural nonwovens tested, obtained by the spun-bond technique, were characterised by different degrees of crystallinity in the range from 11.1% to 31.4%. Biodegradation tests were carried out as simulated aerobic composting while maintaining constant environmental conditions in accordance with test procedures based on PN-EN/ISO standards using the method of sample mass loss determination. Gel chromatography (GPC/SEC) and FTIR spectroscopy were also applied to assess the degree of biodegradation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the crystallinity of nonwoven made of PLA 6252 D on its degradation in a compost environment.

Tags:

PLA agricultural nonwovens, degradability, compostability, GPC/SEC, FTIR.

Citation:

Miros-Kudra P,  Gzyra-Jagieła K,  Kudra M. Physicochemical Assessment of the Biodegradability of Agricultural Nonwovens Made of PLA. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe  2021; 29, 1(145): 26-34. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0014.2398

Published in issue no 1 (145) / 2021, pages 26–34.

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