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Novel Approach to Dye Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Fabric in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Natural Curcuminoid Dyes

Research and development


  • Mamun Kabir Shekh Md.
    Department of Wet Process Engineering, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Hasan Md. Mahabub
    Faculty of Textile Engineering, National Institute of Textile Engineering and Research (NITER), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Uddin Md. Zulhash
    Department of Wet Process Engineering, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.0744

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The use of natural dyes has increased in the last few decades due to the eco-friendly approach of dyeing. There are still some limitations that are associated with natural dyes, such as dyeing efficiency, reproducibility of shades, process complexity, availability etc. The main problem associated with the dyeing property of natural dyes is “low exhaustion”. In this study, natural dyestuff from Curcuma longa L. was extracted and polyethylene terephthalate fabric was dyed with it in the same bath by employing the supercritical carbon dioxide method. The method was developed to improve the dye-ability of natural dyes and reduce the process time and effluent. Curcuminoid dye exhaustion on PET fabric showed almost 80% by using supercritical carbon dioxide dyeing methods, and the highest colour strength (K/S = 12) was obtained. Coloured polyethylene terephthalate fabric treated with supercritical carbon dioxide showed deeper shades (L* = 72.92) and better fastness properties as compared with high temperature exhaust dyeing methods.


supercritical carbon dioxide, exhaust dyeing method, polyethylene terephthalate fabric, Curcuma longa L.


Kabir SM, Hasan M, Uddin Z. Novel Approach to Dye Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Fabric in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Natural Curcuminoid Dyes. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2019; 27, 3(135): 65-70. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.0744

Published in issue no 3 (135) / 2019, pages 65–70.


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