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Simulation of the Effect of Geometric Parameters of the Fibre Transport Channel in Open-End Rotor Spinning

Research and development


  • Lin Huiting
    College of Textile and Apparel, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou Fujian, P. R. China
  • Akankwasa Nicholus Tayari
    College of Textiles, Dong Hua University, Shanghai, P. R. China
  • Wang Jun (j/w)
  • Zhang Chuyang
    College of Textile and Apparel, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou Fujian, P. R. China

Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.9987

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The airflow field in a fibre transport channel is crucial as it affects the fibre configuration significantly and, consequently, the yarn properties. Geometric parameters are found to be critical in influencing airflow characteristics.3D finite volume computationswere adopted to evaluate the effects of geometric parameters of the transport channel on airflow characteristics. A bypass channel for extra air supply into the transport channel was also evaluated. The results reveal that the transport channel inlet area has a more significant impact on the vortices generated at the channel inlet than the transport channel length. Either increasing the transport channel length or decreasing the transport inlet area can reduce the vortices but cannot eliminate them. By adopting a bypass channel, the vortices are reduced significantly and the air velocity at the transport channel inlet, especially in the fibre separation area, is increased.


fibre transport channel, airflow, simulation, rotor spinning, bypass channel.


Lin H, Akankwasa NT, Wang J, Zhang Ch. Simulation of the Effect of Geometric Parameters of the Fibre Transport Channel in Open-End Rotor Spinning. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2019; 27, 2(134): 52-57. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.9987

Published in issue no 2 (134) / 2019, pages 52–57.


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