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Evaluation of Cotton Fibre Properties in Compact Yarn Spinning Processes and Investigation of Fibre and Yarn Properties

Research and development

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Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0011.7299

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Abstract:

Fibre properties are influential factors for yarn properties. Cotton, whose physical properties vary depending on the cultivation region, is still a very common fibre used in the textile industry. Properties such as fibre length, fineness, strength and maturity affect yarn tensility, evenness, imperfections and hairiness. Four different 100% cotton blends were used as raw material (American cotton, Aegean cotton, Urfa cotton, Greek cotton) to be converted into 20 tex compact yarns separately. HVI parameters of each blend type starting from the bale until the 2nd drawing passage machine revealed that yarn processing stages and machinery are influential factors for fibre the properties of fibres that are produced on a spinning line. Additionally ANOVA tests supported the idea that the evenness, tensility, yarn imperfections, and hairiness parameter of yarns produced from various cotton blends were statistically different. Principal Component Analyses (PCA) and the Correlation Matrix were also applied in order to analyse the relationship between fibre properties and compact yarn properties of different blends.

Tags:

cotton fibre property, compact spun yarn property, HVI, spinning consistency index (SCI), spinning process.

Citation:

Günaydin GK, Soydan AS, Palamutçu S. Evaluation of Cotton Fibre Properties in Compact Yarn Spinning Processes and Investigation of Fibre and Yarn Properties. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2018; 26, 3(129): 23-34. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0011.7299

Published in issue no 3 (129) / 2018, pages 23–34.

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