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Analytical Assessment of the Thermal Decomposition of Cotton-Modacryl Knitted Fabrics

Research and development

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Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.5372

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Abstract:

Fabric flammability is affected by various factors such as the fibre composition, fabric construction, FR (flame retardant) finish, oxygen concentration and environmental conditions (moisture content, heat.). Inherently FR fabrics are synthetics which have been changed at the molecular level to make the fabrics thermally stable and able to pass FR tests.The thermal properties of knitted fabrics produced from cotton, modacryl and their blends were investigated in this paper. The design of FR knitted fabrics and an optimal blend ratio were evaluated by different thermoanalytical methods: the flame behaviour and thermal stability with the limited oxygen index (LOI), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA),coupled thermal gravimetry - Fourier transform infrared technique (TG-FTIR) and microscale combustion calorimetry (MCC). Surface characterisation of the knitted fabrics designed was evaluated by the streaming potential method. Knitted fabric in the blend ratio C50:M50 proved to possess the most favourable FR characteristics, additionally confirmed by optimal hydrophilic properties evaluated through zeta potential measurement.

Tags:

knitted fabric, modacryl/cotton blend, thermal decomposition, flame retardancy,
zeta potential.

Citation:

Grgac SF, Bischof S, Pušić T, Petrinić I, Luxbacher T. Analytical Assessment of the Thermal Decomposition of Cotton-Modacryl Knitted Fabrics. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2017; 25, 6(126): 59-67. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.5372

Published in issue no 6 (126) / 2017, pages 59–67.

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