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Optimisation of Pad Thicknesses in Ironing Machines During Coupled Heat and Mass Transport

Research and development


  • Korycki Ryszard
    Department of Techanical Mechanics and Computer Science, Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Lodz University of Technology, Łódź, Poland
  • Szafrańska Halina
    Department of Shoes and Clothing Materials Technology, The Radom Technical University, Radom, Poland

Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1172095

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The comparative advantage and intra-industry trade of five countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Turkey, are analyzed in the global textile and clothing markets by employing Balassa’s revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index and intraindustry trade (IIT) index for the period 2002 - 2013. The results have revealed that while Turkey is the only one among the countries selected to have comparative advantage in the global textile market, Romania joins Turkey in this in the world’s clothing market. The comparative advantage of these two countries in the global clothing market presents a stronger declining trend compared to that in textiles, which is probably due to the entrance of cheap-labour eastern Asian countries into the global clothing market, as this market is more labor-intensive compared to textiles. Moreover, while a high intra-industry trade index is found in Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, an inter-industry trade structure is observed in Romania for textiles and clothing. Turkey presents intra-industry specialisation in textiles, while possessing inter-industry trade structure in terms of clothing.


revealed comparative advantage (RCA), intra-industry trade (IIT), textiles, clothing, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Turkey.


Korycki R, Szafrańska H. Optimisation of Pad Thicknesses in Ironing Machines During Coupled Heat and Mass Transport. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe  2016, Vol. 24,  1(115): 128-135. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1172095

Published in issue no 1 (115) / 2016, pages 128–135.


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