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Comparative Analysis of Various Electrospinning Methods of Nanofibre Formation

Research and development

Authors:

  • Cengiz Funda
    Department of Textile Engineering, Engineering & Architecture Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
  • Krucińska Izabella
    Department of Physics and Metrology of Textiles, Technical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland
  • Gliścińska Eulalia (j/w)
  • Chrzanowski Michał (j/w)
  • Göktepe Fatma
    Department of Textile Engineering, Engineering & Architecture Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey

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Abstract:

In general, nanofibres can be formed using the electrospinning technique, which has been known for a long time in literature. However, there are still some problems related to this technique such as low production rate, capillary clogging, etc. In recent years, several new electrospinning methods have been developed to solve such problems. The main aim of this paper is to present the possibility of nanofibre formation by three various electrospinning methods. In this study nanofibres were produced from PAN/DMSO solution using three different electrospinning methods: a conventional method with one capillary, Jirsak’s method and Yarin & Zussman’s method. The properties of these nanofibres as well as the processing conditions were compared. It was observed that using the last two methods it is possible to increase the production rate because of the multiple jets. In the conventional method a single capillary should be replaced by a spinning head system with many capillaries. Using Jirsak’s method, the nanofibre diameter decreases and a higher amount of fibre is obtained by increasing the rotary speed of the cylinder. Production at 10 wt % polymer concentration by Yarin & Zussman’s method leads to much finer fibres than by other methods.

Tags: electrospinning, methods, nanofibres, polyacrylonitrile.

Citation: Cengiz F., Krucińska I, Gliścińska E., Chrzanowski M, Göktepe F.; Comparative Analysis of Various Electrospinning Methods of Nanofibre Formation, FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe, January/March 2009, Vol. 17, No. 1 (72) pp. 13-19.

Published in issue no 1 (72) / 2009, pages 13–19.

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