Pilling in textiles has been one of the most significant areas which many researchers, such as Cook, have investigated. In this study, we analysed the pilling of several samples of worsted fabrics: 45% wool/55% polyester with different weft densities and weave types. Rubbing test results were obtained using the Martindale test and by counting pills on the fabric surface assumed. The results show that the more the warp and weft are engaged together in the fabric surface, the fewer pills will form on it; or one may conclude that, in some cases, less pilling forms on the surface when the warp outnumbers the weft (i.e. less engagement between warp and weft), provided that the density of the warp is far larger than that of the weft. But in some fabrics, increasing the weft density will form fewer pills on the surface fabric.

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Influence of Weave Type and Weft Density on Worsted Fabric Pilling

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Abstract:

Pilling in textiles has been one of the most significant areas which many researchers, such as Cook, have investigated. In this study, we analysed the pilling of several samples of worsted fabrics: 45% wool/55% polyester with different weft densities and weave types. Rubbing test results were obtained using the Martindale test and by counting pills on the fabric surface assumed. The results show that the more the warp and weft are engaged together in the fabric surface, the fewer pills will form on it; or one may conclude that, in some cases, less pilling forms on the surface when the warp outnumbers the weft (i.e. less engagement between warp and weft), provided that the density of the warp is far larger than that of the weft. But in some fabrics, increasing the weft density will form fewer pills on the surface fabric.

Tags: worsted fabrics, weave type, weft density, pilling.

Citation: Lohrasbi F., Ghahi J.l M., Yazdanshenas M. E.; Influence of Weave Type and Weft Density on Worsted Fabric Pilling. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2011, Vol. 19, No. 5 (88) pp. 64-69.

Published in issue no 5 (88) / 2011, pages 64–69.

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