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Geo-textiles for Side Slope Protection: Preparation and Characteristics

Research and development

Authors:

  • Hsieh Jing-Chzi
    Department of Land Management, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Ching-Wen
    Department of Fashion Design, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lou Ching-Wen
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Minjiang University, Fuzhou, P. R. China
  • Lou Ching-Wen
    Graduate Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hsing Wen-Hao
    Department of Textile Engineering, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hsieh Chien-Teng
    Department of Fashion Design and Merchandising, Shih Chien University Kaohsiung Campus, Kaohsiung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Kuo Chih-Yuan
    Laboratory of Fiber Application and Manufacturing, Department of Fiber and Composite Materials, Feng Chia University, Taichung, P. R. China
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Minjiang University, Fuzhou, P. R. China
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Laboratory of Fibre Application and Manufacturing, Department of Fibre and Composite Materials, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P. R. China
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Department of Fashion Design, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.

Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1227889

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Abstract:

The vegetation blanket is the most common choice for soil and water preservation. This is a feasible method that protects the land and environment according to basic agriculture and engineering theories. This study manufactured eco-friendly nonwoven vegetation blankets by using cotton fibers, far-infrared fibers, PLA fibers, and low melting-point fibers at a 1:1:7:1 ratio. This ratio yielded from the pilot study provides the resulting vegetation blankets’ optimum air permeability and water absorption. This study further finds that a needle-punching density of 30 needles/cm2 allows fibers to lie in a loose structure, and therefore yielding the optimum air permeability and water absorption. In plant growth evaluation, for nonwoven vegetation blankets that contain 50 wt% far-infrared fibers, the plant growth length is 1.3 times greater than that of blankets with 10 wt% far-infrared fibers. This result proves that far-infrared fibers have usually been applied to plant growth.

Tags:

soil and water preservation, vegetation blanket, polylactic acid (PLA) fibers, far-infrared fibers, nonwoven fabrics.

Citation:

Hsieh J-C, Lin C-W, Lou C-W, Hsing W-H, Hsieh C-T, Kuo C-Y, Lin J-H. Geo-textiles for Side Slope Protection: Preparation and Characteristics. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2017; 25, 1(121): 102-107. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1227889

Published in issue no 1 (121) / 2017, pages 102–107.

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