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Woven Fabrics Containing Hybrid Yarns for Shielding Electromagnetic Radiation

Research and development


Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221744

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The aim of the study was to verify whether the construction of a specific hybrid yarn containing a ferromagnetic core and electroconductive wire introduced into woven fabric will improve the shielding effectiveness (SE) in comparison with reference fabrics made of the same raw materials but introduced into woven fabrics as plain wefts, not twisted into the hybrid yarn. Hybrid yarn made of electroconductive materials allows the creation of a set of solenoids with a ferromagnetic core made of steel yarn and a solenoid of conductive effect yarns made of copper. The woven fabric made of these yarns placed into an alternating electromagnetic field (EMF) exhibits a phenomenon where an alternating electric voltage is generated between the ends of the copper solenoid, and alternating magnetisation of the ferromagnetic core takes place. Twelve fabrics were produced, nine of which differed in the density with which the hybrid yarns were introduced as wefts, i.e. once every 25×2 tex cotton yarn, every two cotton yarns, and every three cotton yarns, and the remaining three were reference fabrics, without hybrid yarn. It was found that if measured at a frequency of 30 MHz, the fabrics containing hybrid yarns had 60% higher SE than the reference ones.


steel yarn, copper wire, hybrid yarn, woven fabric, electromagnetic interference, shielding efficiency.


Marciniak K, Grabowska K, Stęmpień Z, Ciesielska-Wrόbel I, Rutkowska A, Taranek D. Woven Fabrics Containing Hybrid Yarns for Shielding Electromagnetic Radiation. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe  2016; 24, 6(120): 109-115. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221744

Published in issue no 6 (120) / 2016, pages 109–115.


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