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Characterization of the Kenyan Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Roselle) Bast Fibre

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Abstract:

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (roselle) is grown in Kenya for its flower and calyx, which are used in the beverage industry. Roselle bast fibre has, however, not been commercially exploited. After harvesting the flowers and calyx the stem together with the bark is used as firewood. This paper reports the characteristics of bast fibres in Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (roselle) grown in Kenya. The bast fibre was characterised by studying its physical and chemical characteristics. The physical characteristics investigated included tensile properties, fineness and surface morphology. An investigation into the type of chemical ingredients present in the fibre was also undertaken. The data obtained in this study indicated that the roselle plant grown in Kenya can produce bast fibres of comparable properties to the kenaf grown
in Asian countries.

Tags:

Hibiscus sabdariffa L., roselle, bast fibre, fibre properties, FT-IR, SEM

Citation:

J. I. Mwasiagi JI, Yu CW, Phologolo T, Waithaka A, Kamalha E, Ochola JR. Characterization of the Kenyan Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Roselle) Bast Fibre. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2014; 22, 3(105): 31-34.

Published in issue no 3 (105) / 2014, pages 31–34.

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