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Magnetic Textile Elements

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  • Rubacha Marcin
    Department of Man-Made Fibres, Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Technical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland
  • Zięba Janusz
    Department for Automation of Textile Processes, Technical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland

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This article presents the properties of magnetic fibres and the opportunities to use them in the construction of textile magnetic elements. Magnetic fibres belong to the group of multifunctional fibres, as independently of their natural textile features they are characterised by new properties which increase their range of possibilities for use in textronic products. The properties of magnetic fibres depend on the kind of magnetic material (the filler) included in the fibre matter, as well as on the filling degree. The degree of filling the fibre with grains of magnetic materials also influences its mechanical properties. Magnetic fibres may be used for the construction of textile magnetic coils. A magnetic coil, with or without a magnetic core, is the basic element of magnetic circuits which consist of parts of electric and electronic circuits. These circuits are in turn parts of various electromagnetic devices, such as inductive gauges and transmitters, as well as electromagnets which form the basis for electromagnetic actuators.


magnetic fibres, multifunctional fibres, magnetic textile elements, magnetic coils, magnetic fillers, textronics

Published in issue no 5 (59) / 2006, pages 49–53.


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